Current Affairs Today – June, 8th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

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INDIAN AFFAIRS

First rural LED street lighting project to take off in Andhra Pradesh

First rural LED street lighting project to take off in Andhra Pradesh

  1. In the first time in the India it is going to happen that, the Government of India, by the efficiency of the Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL) which comes under the Ministry of Power that has been announced that in the Andhra Pradesh’s some of the in the Gram Panchayats seven districts retrofitting of 10 lakh conventional street lights with LED lights.
  2. Saurabh Kumar, Managing Director, EESL in a statement said, “Andhra Pradesh has always welcomed our initiatives with open arms and has truly spearheaded the energy efficiency movement in the country. We would also like to extend our gratitude to AFD for the financial support in the implementation of this project, without which it could not have achieved this scale.”
  3. Chief Minister Andhra Pradesh, N. Chandrababu Naidu said, “Through the installation of 10 lakh LED street lights, EESL has assured the State government of approximately 59 percent savings in electricity, which translates to annual monetary savings of Rs. 88.2 crore,”
  4. The total costs of this project which is declared by the Ministry of the power that total amount is funded by the French development agency Agence Francaise de Developpement (AFD). EESL which comes under the Ministry of Power that will carry out the entire annual maintenance and do the warranty replacement for a period of 10 years.

 

KEYS:

  1. Full form of EESL- Energy Efficiency Services Limited
  2. Full form of AFD- Agence Francaise de Developpement

 

 

 

MoU signed between Central Industrial Security Force & National Skill Development Corporation

MoU signed between Central Industrial Security Force & National Skill Development Corporation

  1. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on the June 7 is signed by the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF), Ministry of Home Affairs and the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) & National Skill Development Fund (NSDF), Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
  2. Rajiv Pratap Rudy said in the conference, “In the world over there is the many of the skill are demanding the youth of the nation and the youth of our nation can tap this occasions if groomed properly. He also gets informed that to CAPFs that inspirational values need to be added to the designations in the system, which will act as an encouragement to the individuals”.
  3. K.P. Krishnan, Secretary, Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship said, “Skill development is a challenge that India needs to be addressed very seriously because India is a younger nation and a lot of youth enter the work force every month”.
  4. The MoU give the information and permission to the government that CISF, NSDC, and NSDF should work together at CISF units all across the country where Family Welfare Centres are functional and other CISF locations with an objective to impart skill development programs under the Skill India Mission for the purpose of implementation of CISF Multi Skill Development Institute Projects.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of MoU- Memorandum of Understanding
  2. Full form of CISF- Industrial Security Force
  3. Full form of NSDC- National Skill Development Corporation
  4. Full form of NSDF- National Skill Development Fund

 

 

Section 144 imposed in Manali

  1. On Tuesday there is the move taken by the government of the Assam, in the district administration imposed prohibitory orders under section 144 in the popular hill station of Manali to deal with protests threatened by local taxi drivers who have been banned from plying their vehicles to Rohtang Pass.
  2. Kullu Deputy Commissioner Yunus said, “The action relating to blacklisting of vehicles and their drivers was taken as per orders of the National Green Tribunal (NGT). Now, since some people had tried to create problems relating to law and order, we have decided to promulgate the prohibitory orders,”
  3. Additional district magistrate, Kumar Vineet, said, “The administration is preparing itself to handle any unforeseen circumstances arising from election results, and to maintain harmony during festivals.”
  4. Local commissioner for NGT, Rakeshwar Lal Sood, visited Rohtang and organized the meeting of for the matter with local stakeholders.He told about the taxi operators and hoteliers to comply with the NGT order. Everything returned to normalcy after two days of tension in the town.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of NGT- National Green Tribunal
  2. Capital of Himachal Pradesh- Shimla
  3. Destinations: Shimla, Manali, Himachal Pradesh, Dharamsala,
  4. Chief minister: Virbhadra Singh

 

 

Cow slaughter: UP invokes NSA, Gangsters Act

  1. Uttar Pradesh’s Director General of Police Sulkhan Singh declared the rule and did the announcement, National Security Act and Gangsters Act against those involved in cow slaughter and illegal transport of milch animals that is said by the ANI.
  2. “NSA and Gangsters Act is to be invoked against those involved in cow slaughter and trafficking of milch animals for slaughter. These people/organizations should be informed that they do not have a right to act illegally by taking the law into their hands,” the DGP’s orders said.
  3. “Cow slaughter and transportation of cattle for slaughter must be strictly prevented,” Mr. Singh told SPs and SSPs.
  4. “Such rules harass those involved in the business,” said U.P. vice-president of the All India Jamiatul Quresh, Shakeel Qureshi.
  5. ANI reported on Tuesday, “There is a need to clamp down on cow slaughter and transport of cows for the same. The National Security Act, 1980, or Gangsters Act must be invoked against criminals indulging in the same,”

 

KEYS:

  1. Full of NSA- National Security Agency
  2. The National Security Agency is a national-level intelligence agency of the United States Department of Defense, under the authority of the Director of National Intelligence.
  3. Headquarters: Maryland, United States
  4. Founder: Harry S. Truman
  5. Founded: November 4, 1952
  6. Motto: “Defending Our Nation. Securing the Future.”
  7. Parent Agency: United States Department of Defense

 

 

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Montenegro becomes NATO’s 29th member

Montenegro becomes NATO's 29th member

  1. “We are celebrating today the fact that it will never happen again that someone else decides instead of us and our state behind our back, as was the case in the past,” Markovic said at the ceremony.
  2. S. Under Secretary of State Thomas Shannon said, “As President Trump said in his February 28th remarks to a joint session of Congress, ‘America respects the right of all nations to chart their own path,”
  3. “(It) sends a signal to other states that seek membership that if a country truly reforms, if it promotes democracy, strengthens the rule of law, modernizes its armed forces, and contributes to our collective defense, it too can join the alliance,” Shannon said in the report.
  4. “It is a historic event for a country and a nation which endured enormous sacrifices in the 19th and 20th centuries in order to defend their right to a free life, the right to decide our own future, recognized by the world under our own name, and with our own national symbols,” said Prime Minister Dusko Markovic.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  2. Founded: April 4, 1949, Washington, D.C., United States
  3. Chairman of the NATO Military Committee: Petr Pavel
  4. Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium
  5. Supreme Allied Commander Europe: Curtis Scaparrotti
  6. Secretary General: Jens Stoltenberg
  7. Founders: United States of America, France, Canada, Italy, Norway

 

 

 

World’s fastest elevator to be installed in skyscraper complex building in China

World's fastest elevator to be installed in skyscraper complex building in China

  1. The world’s fastest elevator is being ready for the breaking the record with speed of the 1,260 meters per minute is going to set and being installed in a skyscraper complex building in China. This speed of the elevator was recorded during a test of the elevator in Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre in China.
  2. In the last year in the month of the May that the speed of the elevator that were recorded 1,200 meters per minute as its rated speed. It is now in the final adjustment phase the achievement was recorded by China’s National Elevator Quality Supervision and Inspection Centre, a public accreditation body of elevators.
  3. This achievement which was created by the China that was recorded by China’s National Elevator Quality Supervision and Inspection Centre, a public accreditation body of elevators. This elevator was developed and installed by the Japanese company Hitachi which plans to use their elevator technology’s new achievement for future product development for elevators with higher running quality, according to a report by Daily Mail.
  4. Hitachi company also get announce that the break of the elevator is made up of the heat resistant materials, and its descending speed is 600 meters (1,968 feet) per minute or 36 kilometers (22.4 miles) per hour.

KEYS:

  1. Hitachi, Ltd. is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
  2. Headquarters: Chiyoda, Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  3. CEO: Toshiaki Higashihara (Apr 1, 2016–)
  4. Revenue: 10.03 trillion JPY (2016)
  5. Founder: Namihei Odaira
  6. Subsidiaries: Hitachi Systems, Ansaldo STS

 

 

 

Sher Bahadur Deuba elected new Nepal PM

Sher Bahadur Deuba elected new Nepal PM

  1. “I announce that respected member Sher Bahadur Deuba… has been elected to the post of Nepal’s prime minister,” said Parliament Speaker Onsari Gharti Magar, by addressing parliament during a live television broadcast.
  2. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi tweeted on the social media, “Called Shri Sher Bahadur Deuba to congratulate him on being elected the Prime Minister of Nepal. I conveyed my best wishes to Shri Deuba for peace, prosperity, and progress in Nepal under his leadership,”
  3. “The manner of his (Deuba’s) rise for the fourth time does not bode well because it has not been a democratic process,” said Kunda Dixit, the editor of the Nepali Times newspaper.
  4. “The priority now is the second phase of the election. It will be conducted as scheduled. I want to assure you that all the three elections — local, provincial and national- will be held as planned,” three-time former prime minister Sher Bahadur Deuba said.

KEYS:

  1. Present PM of Nepal- Sher Bahadur Deuba
  2. Former PM of the Nepal- Pushpa Kamal Dahal
  3. President of the Nepal- Bidhya Devi Bhandari

 

 

The US Carries Out another Airstrike in Syria

  1. The forces of the US-led have started one more a once again an airstrike on Syria, the International Coalition for Operation Inherent Resolve responsible for U.S. military operations in the fight against ISIS this report was given on the morning of the Tuesday.
  2. The statement concluded by saying that “the Coalition does not seek to fight Syrian regime or pro-regime forces but remains ready to defend themselves if pro-regime forces refuse to vacate the de-confliction zone.”
  3. Dmitry Peskov, the spokesperson for Russian President Vladimir Putin, referred to April’s missile strikes as a “violation of international law,” adding that the strikes “will inflict major damage on U.S.-Russia ties.”
  4. According to RT, who is the member of the Russian parliament, he shared the memory of the attack on Tuesday, calling the strike “an act of aggression” and “a step by the U.S. towards taking the conflict against the ISIS in Syria.” Before this the few days ago, U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) has launched an operation to capture Raqqa, an ISIS stronghold in Syria.
  5. The US president told in the report of the Tuesday that “fighting Assad and ISIS simultaneously was madness and idiocy.” But, the U.S. Defense Department claims their actions in Al-Tanf are consistent with previous policy. “Now that [Syrian and allied forces have] backed off, we’re not going after them,” Eric Pahon, a spokesperson for the department, told Bloomberg in May. Still, he said, given the nature of the war, “anything can happen.”

 

KEYS:

  1. Syria, officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic, is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest
  2. Capital: Damascus
  3. President: Bashar al-Assad
  4. Currency: Syrian pound
  5. Points of interest: Umayyad Mosque, Azm Palace

 

BANKING & FINANCE

India signs loan agreement with the World Bank for USD 39.2 million for the project Assan Citizen Centric Service Delivery

India signs loan agreement with the World Bank for USD 39.2 million for the project Assan Citizen Centric Service Delivery

  1. India today signed MoU with the World Bank with the USD 39.2 million (over Rs 251 crore) loan agreement for the ‘Citizen Centric Service Delivery’ project in Assam.
  2. The total coast size of this project is the USD 49 million, of which USD 39.2 million will be financed by the Bank and the remaining amount will be funded out of the state budget, it is said by the finance ministry in a statement.
  3. The main aspects of this project are the there should be the delivery of the material which is necessary for selected public services in Assam. In this project, it is to be seen that the services which will get available by this project that will be in under of the RTPS Act in a timely, efficient, and accountable manner. The Project have started the integrated approach to improving access and accountability. The total duration of this project is the 5 years.
  4. The main aspects of this project are the there should be the delivery of the material which is necessary for selected public services in Assam.

 

 

 

Vijaya Bank set to develop 100 Digital villages

Vijaya Bank set to develop 100 Digital villages

  1. With the reference of the two national project that is the Financial Inclusion and Digital India program, the national lender Bank, Vijaya Bank has conceived the concept of Digital Village so as to empower Rural India to connect digitally and avail the benefits of Financial Inclusion.
  2. “In less than a month, the project of 100 digital villages will be inaugurated. In those villages, we will provide the Internet, free Wi-Fi connectivity, mobile payment facilities, ATM cards, online banking and others besides educating the villagers through a door-to-door campaign. We will also open bank accounts to all the eligible villagers including children and encourage them to make transactions digitally,” Mr. Rama Rao said.
  3. “Even before the announcement of demonetisation, Vijaya Bank developed digital villages. It is the first public sector bank to take up such initiative. Out of the 100, Andhra Pradesh will be getting 10 digital villages,” he said.
  4. Rama Rao said about the growth of the bank, “Vijayawada region alone is doing business worth ₹7,334 crore out of total ₹10,256 crore AP’s business. on March 31 it has a business worth ₹2,29,833 crore”

KEYS:

  1. Headquarters of Vijaya Bank- Bengaluru
  2. CEO: Kishore Kumar Sansi (1 Jan 2015–)
  3. Founder: A. B. Shetty
  4. Founded: 1931
  5. Total assets: 1.454 trillion INR (2016, US$22 billion)
  6. Owner: Government of India

 

 

 

Banks to start charging for P2P payments on UPI

  1. “So far, no bank is charging for UPI transactions but at the same time, it is at their discretion to levy a reasonable fee towards Person to Person (P2P) transactions for UPI and IMPS. We are not charging for UPI transactions. The circular will be removed, ” National Payments Corporation of India’s chief operating officer Dilip Asbe said in a statement.
  2. “As of now we are not charging anything on UPI transfers but we could consider it in the coming 2-3 months. The revised service charges for online banking issued by the bank on 1 June does not include any charges on UPI transactions,” said Manju Agarwal, deputy managing director of corporate strategy and new business at SBI.
  3. “NPCI will be requesting banks not to charge customers for peer to-peer UPI transactions at this stage. They want to work out a strategy so that at least low-value, peer-to-peer (P2P) payments are not charged.” said a senior banker in the know of the matter.
  4. “For an IMPS transaction, the cost is usually around Rs 2, for UPI the price is 50 paise extra because there is a charge for the fintech player which is the service provider in many cases,” said a senior banker who heads technology at a private bank.

 

KEYS:

  1. Full form of UPI- Unified Payments Interface
  2. Founded on- 11th April 2016
  3. Owner- National Payments Corporation of India

 

 

Science and Technology

Wildlife Board Okays Andamans ‘Rutland Island for DRDO’s missile testing project

Wildlife Board Okays Andamans 'Rutland Island for DRDO's missile testing project

  1. The long-range missile of the country of which the test facility in at South Andamans’ Rutland Island that has finally secured the clearance of the National Board of Wildlife, this secure of the clearance was started from the year 2012. The meeting of the Standing Committee of the National Board of Wildlife which was held on May 15 approved the project, “considering the strategic importance of the project for country’s defense”.
  2. In that meeting, it was the praposed total of the lands 49.978 acres forest of which 0.84 ha falls in the Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park and 49.138 ha reserve forest within 10km of the Eco Sensitive Zone. There is vary rich life of the Marines of in this island of the Andamans and there was once home to the indigenous Andamanese group ‘Jangil’ or Rutland Jarawa. DRDO has been struggling to get its long-range missile test facility since 2012 when the proposal was moved to the government.
  3. From the mainland where tests are typically launched from the island is located at an ideal distance. In the time of the present, long-range missile tests are being carried out from the Odisha coast and are tracked by naval vessels on a trajectory into the Bay of Bengal. Most of the long-range tests with specialized vessels noting the ‘hit zone’ into the water, for missiles like Agni IV and V have to be tracked over a sea.
  4. The state Chief Wildlife Warden has permitted for this project that the project with conditions such as preparation of a specific marine and terrestrial wildlife conservation plan and installation of essential deflectors and anti-radiation screens around satellite antennas to reduce the impact of radiation on biodiversity in the proposed area. It has also been specified that a minimum number of vehicles should be used inside Rutland Island during the constructional and operational phase of the project.

KEYS:

  1. The Andaman Islands are an Indian archipelago in the Bay of Bengal
  2. These roughly 300 islands are known for their palm-lined, white-sand beaches, mangroves and tropical rainforests
  3. Coral reefs supporting marine life such as sharks and rays make for popular diving and snorkeling sites
  4. Official animal: Dugong
  5. Official bird: Andaman wood pigeon
  6. Destinations: Port Blair, Havelock Island, Andaman Islands

 

 

IMD to give malaria, chikungunya alert

IMD to give malaria, chikungunya alert

  1. The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is working on a forecasting system that will give the warning or the information of the disease likelihood of malaria or chikungunya outbreak, over different regions.
  2. IMD Director-General K.J. Ramesh said in the report of the media, “We have teamed up with the Medical Council of India and the Red Cross Society, and are customizing our dynamical model (that simulates weather and forecasts, using supercomputers) for generating this information.”
  3. Ramesh said, “Also places that were once relatively drier are wetter and more humid [engendering conditions for water-logging and mosquito breeding] and our attempt is to give advance warnings to better prepare for outbreaks,”
  4. IMD Director-General said, “These include five-day and 15-day forecasts of heat-waves, cold waves and, going ahead, disease outbreaks,”

KEYS:

  1. Full form of IMD- India Meteorological Department
  2. Formed in 1875
  3. Type- Ministry
  4. Under the Jurisdiction- Government of India
  5. Agency executive
  6. K.J. Ramesh, Director General of Meteorology

 

 

 

China successfully tests solid-fuel variable ramjet engine

  1. The testing of the solid fuel variable rocket which was made up of the China that is ramjet engine has tested successfully on Tuesday which could enhance the real combat ability of the country’s stealth aircraft and boost firing range of missiles, it is said in the report of the media on a Tuesday.
  2. The solid- fuel engine of the ramjet engine can improve the stealth-fighting capabilities of the J-20 fighter aircraft, this report was given by the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corp. A ramjet is a jet engine that can get more efficient speed at supersonic speeds. It operates by filing the fuel into the compressed air during high-speed flight and is chiefly used in missile technology.
  3. To achieve the efficiency in the ramjet engine there should be lots of the effort should be done in the future. For example, China should also conduct research on building up a super range detection network to support such a long-range strike, and the precision guiding system should be capable of processing information at super high speeds, Wang Yanan, chief editor of the Aerospace Knowledge magazine, told in the report.
  4. The ramjet engine of the J-20 is capable of flying long distances while receiving air refueling and can fire long-range cruise missiles.

KEYS:

  1. China is a populous nation in East Asia whose vast landscape encompasses grassland, desert, mountains, lakes, rivers and more than 14,000km of coastline
  2. Capital: Beijing
  3. Currency: Renminbi
  4. Official language and national language: Standard Chinese
  5. President: Xi Jinping
  6. Recognized regional languages: Mongolian; Tibetan; Uyghur; Zhuang

 

SPORTS

Indian football’s big meeting with AFC in Malaysia unlikely to clarify league situation

Indian football's big meeting with AFC in Malaysia unlikely to clarify league situation

  1. There is the big happiness of in the I-League and the Indian Super League appears and did not get any result from their representatives from the two leagues and their respective clubs , officials of the football players’ body FPAI, the All India Football Federation and the Asian Football Confederation on June 7 is unlikely to yield any result.
  2. Debasish Dutta, finance secretary of Mohun Bagan, who will represent the club in Kuala Lumpur said, “We understand Indian football very well. I cannot possibly divulge all the points of what we wish to say, but we feel that Indian football can be bettered with just one league. Why? We’ll explain it there.”
  3. “The other issue we want to bring up is that there should be some minimum wages for professional footballers. Whether it (the ISL) becomes the top division or not is not a decision for us to take, as long as the top league runs for seven months.” Renedy told in the report.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of AFC- Asian Football Confederation
  2. The Asian Football Confederation is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia
  3. President: Salman Bin Ibrahim Al-Khalifa
  4. Headquarters: Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  5. General Secretary: Windsor Paul John (Acting)
  6. Membership: 47 member associations
  7. Founded: 8 May 1954, Manila, Philippines
  8. Parent organization: FIFA

 

 

 

BCCI brass & CoA either ignorant or not bothered about Lodha panel

  1. The Supreme Court-appointed Committee of Administrators which will be the sit and the lead the table of the BCCI and once again go through the reforms in order to understand which ones can be implemented and which are ‘impractical,but this appointment fo the supreme court will not get under the Justice RM Lodha Committee that put these reforms in place last year.
  2. “I don’t think they can do that. I don’t think they should do that either. The reforms have been decided by the Supreme Court. The CoA felt that one state-one vote is a bit harsh and that’s the reason they will ask the Supreme Court to revisit the issue. Definitely not the tenure and cooling off, that’s not happening,” a member of a state association, who attended the meeting, said.
  3. “I agree with CoA’s stand on the ICC revenue bit. Not a single penny of that revenue goes to the players. But a committee that has been appointed to ensure implementation of reforms gets into everything else and now doesn’t mind convincing the SC about the ‘impracticality of certain reforms,’ that I don’t agree with,” the senior counsel said.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of BCCI- Board of Control for Cricket in India
  2. Chairman: Vinod Rai (interim)
  3. Headquarters: Mumbai
  4. Secretary: Amitabh Choudhary
  5. Vice President: Rajeev Shukla
  6. Founded: December 1928
  7. Women’s coach: Purnima Rau

 

 

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

Young Journalists Honored with National Livingston Awards

Young Journalists Honored with National Livingston Awards

  1. Young journalists of the Appalachia, who had written about the economic of the country in the rust method has covered mass killings in Syria and put a human face on immigration policy have been named winners of Livingston Awards.
  2. Galofaro, who turned 35 last month said, “The lesson I learned most vividly from reporting these stories is that a generally improving American economy means nothing to people who look out their window and see only devastation and decay. There is a consequence of forsaking these blue collar places.”
  3. The University of Michigan and the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation help in the funding of this awards.

KEYS:

  1. Awarded for- Journalism Award
  2. Location- Ann Arbor, Michigan
  3. Country- United States
  4. Presented by- University of Michigan
  5. Hosted by- Board of National Judges
  6. Reward(s)- $10,000
  7. First awarded- 1981

 

 

OBITUARY

Adnan Khashoggi: Saudi billionaire arms dealer dies aged 82

Adnan Khashoggi: Saudi billionaire arms dealer dies aged 82

  1. A statement from the family on Tuesday said, “He lived his last days surrounded by his devoted family, children, and grandchildren, with the same elegance, strength and dignity that characterized his remarkable life. He is survived by his wife Lamia.
  2. His family said, “AK was a pioneer who achieved global recognition in a golden age through his extraordinary business achievements and renowned generosity. Our father understood the art of bringing people together better than anyone. He combined commercial acumen with an over-riding loyalty to his country, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. His work always furthered the interests of his country”

 

KEYS:

  1. Adnan Khashoggi was a Saudi Arabian international businessman and uncle of Princess Diana’s lover Dodi Al-Fayed, who is best known for arms dealing
  2. He is estimated to have had a peak net worth of around US$4 billion in the early 1980s

 

 

IMPORTANT DAYS

7 June 1893: Mahatma Gandhi carried out first act of civil disobedience

7 June 1893: Mahatma Gandhi carried out first act of civil disobedience

  1. An event which was the change of the dramatic view for the whole country India, the Mohandas K. Gandhi, a young Indian lawyer working in South Africa, refused to comply with racial segregation rules on a South African train and is forcibly ejected at Pietermaritzburg.
  2. On 7 June 1893, Mohandas K. Gandhi, when he was young and in the recent he had arrived in the South Africa, he had said to his first-class compartment of a train to shift in the another class even though he had a valid ticket, this getting happening because he was not white-skinned. He refused to shift the compartment and told the railway officers that if they wanted to throw him out, they could but he would not go voluntarily.
  3. This act of the Gandhi Ji was against injustice that’s come in the affect, Gandhi’s first act of civil disobedience. And a lesson that he would never forget.

KEYS:

  1. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; was the leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule
  2. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world
  3. Born: 2 October 1869, Porbandar
  4. Assassinated: 30 January 1948, New Delhi
  5. Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments with Truth
  6. Education: Alfred High School (1887), University College London, UCL Faculty of Laws, Samaldas Arts College

 

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