Current Affairs Today – October, 17, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Prime Minister launches Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana ‘Saubhagya’

Prime Minister launches Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana ‘Saubhagya’

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday has launched a Rs 16,320-crore scheme that is the Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana ‘Saubhagya’ this program has been launched for the provide of the electricity connections to over 4 crore families in rural and urban areas by December 2018.
  2. “Rs 16,000 crore will be spent to bring a monumental change in the lives of the poor,” Modi said while launching the ‘Saubhagya’ scheme here.
  3. The solar power packs of 200 to 300 Wp with the power battery bank for un-electrified households located in remote and inaccessible areas, comprises of Five LED lights, One DC fan, One DC power plug. It also includes the Repair and Maintenance (R&M) for 5 years.
  4. The expected outcome of the Scheme is as follows: 1. Environmental upgradation by substitution of Kerosene for lighting purposes, 2. Improvement education services, 3. Better health services, 4. Enhanced connectivity through radio, television, mobiles, etc., 5. Increased economic activities and jobs, 6Improved quality of life especially for women

 

Assam forest dept deploys excavators to evict illegal encroachers from Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary

Assam forest dept deploys excavators to evict illegal encroachers from Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary

  1. Assam forest department on Friday has been given the 20 elephants and they has safly existed the some of the 1400 families that have been encroaching upon Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary on the northeastern fringe of Guwahat. The sanctuary is spread over 78.64 sq km.
  2. There is the possible step has been taken at the side of the, a huge contingent of police, forest and security forces personnel have also deployed at Batahghuli area of the sanctuary where the eviction process has started.
  3. A forest department official said that there has been some of the totalyt end of the protest from people and the eviction drive is likely to continue for at least five days. The Gauhati High Court on August 2 had given the state government a month’s time to clear the encroachers.
  4. There is the some of the survey b y the forest department, about 1,400 families had illegally settled in the protected area following which the high court took up a PIL in 2013 over the encroachments inside the sanctuary.

KEYS:

  1. Assam is a state in northeastern India known for its wildlife, archeological sites and tea plantations
  2. In the west, Guwahati, Assam’s largest city, features silk bazaars and the hilltop Kamakhya Temple
  3. Umananda Temple sits on Peacock Island in the Brahmaputra river. The state capital, Dispur, is a suburb of Guwahati
  4. The ancient pilgrimage site of Hajo and Madan Kamdev, the ruins of a temple complex, lie nearby
  5. Capital: Dispur
  6. Districts: 33
  7. Largest city Largest metro: Guwahati
  8. Chief minister: Sarbananda Sonowal
  9. Points of interest: Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park,

 

Arun Jaitley in Hyderabad at BDL inaugurates Rocket Motor Test Facility

  1. Union Minister for Defence Arun Jaitley on Sunday has been installed the Rocket Motor Static Test Facility and that has been given the salute to the Nation. This state of art facility is the first project for the defence production unit at Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) at Ibrahimpatnam near Hyderabad.
  2. By the officials report there are the 50 ton Rocket Motor Test facility for Surface to Air Missiles (SAM) and that will help in production of missiles. The Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) has been given the support by the development agency. This test project has been the capacity of the load of Rs 50,000 kg and explosive limit of 1,000 kg and all kinds of SAM motors can be tested on this bed.
  3. The union minister has been taken the part in the many of the defence units programmes, including the ceremony for Phase II facilities creation at BDL unit, Ibrahimpatnam and inaugurated five megawatts solar photo voltaic power project and the Astra weapon system production at BDL Bhanur unit.
  4. The BDL has been included the 632 acres of land from the state government for setting up the BDL second unit at Ibrahimpatnam. In this there has been the both of the manufacturing, testing and storage facilities for advanced weapon systems for Medium Range Surface to Air Missiles and Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missiles Plan. The BDL has spent Rs 522 crore for the facility.

KEYS:

  1. Hyderabad is the capital of southern India’s Telangana state
  2. A major center for the technology industry, it’s home to many upscale restaurants and shops
  3. Its historic sites include Golconda Fort, a former diamond-trading center that was once the Qutb Shahi dynastic capital
  4. The Charminar, a 16th-century mosque whose 4 arches support towering minarets, is an old city landmark near the long-standing Laad Bazaar.
  5. Local time: Monday 7:19 PM
  6. Districts: Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy, Medchal–Malkajgiri, Sangareddy

 

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

Kenya plastic bag ban comes into force after years of delays

Kenya plastic bag ban comes into force after years of delays

  1. The ban of the plastic bags has been started again in the Kenya, which has been concluded that the some of the selling, manufacturing or carrying them could face fines of up to $38,000 or prison sentences of up to four years.
  2. Animals feed on the some of the United Nations’ Environment Programme says huge amounts of polythene bags that has been comes from the livestock in Nairobi’s abattoirs as many as 20 bags per cow – raising fears of plastic contamination in beef. Kenya’s Environment Minister Judy Wakhungu says the plastic bags take between 20 and 1,000 years to biodegrade.
  3. “Plastic bags now constitute the biggest challenge to solid waste management in Kenya. This has become our environmental nightmare that we must defeat by all means,” Anne Soy in Nairobi told the in the report of the media.
  4. In the rule of the last week and the High Court dismissed a case filed by two plastic bags importers urging it to drop the ban. The court ruled that environmental concerns were more important than commercial interests.

KEYS:

  1. Kenya is a country in East Africa with coastline on the Indian Ocean
  2. It encompasses savannah, lakelands, the dramatic Great Rift Valley and mountain highlands
  3. It’s also home to wildlife like lions, elephants and rhinos
  4. From Nairobi, the capital, safaris visit the Maasai Mara Reserve, known for its annual wildebeest migrations, and Amboseli National Park, offering views of Tanzania’s 5,895m Mt. Kilimanjaro
  5. Capital: Nairobi
  6. Dialing code: +254
  7. Currency: Kenyan shilling

 

Two-day Indian Ocean Conference in Colombo

Two-day Indian Ocean Conference in Colombo

  1. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj has been going to the Colombo for the participation in the two-day Indian Ocean Conference to be held from August 31 in which Sri Lankan prime minister and president are among key speakers.
  2. “The conference will be inaugurated by Seychelles Vice- President Vincent Meriton, Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe, Singapore Foreign Affairs Minister Vivian Balakrishnan besides Swaraj,” the statement said.
  3. “There will be ministerial representation from Bangladesh, Japan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Mauritius and Vietnam and the conference will also be attended by senior officials from the USA, Australia, India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Germany, Kenya, South Korea and Afghanistan among others,” it said.
  4. “A special plenary will have speeches from Krishna Bahadur Mahara, deputy prime minister and foreign minister of Nepal, Tofail Ahmed, minister for commerce of Bangladesh, Tilak Marapana, minister of foreign affairs, Sri Lanka and Iwao Horii, parliamentary vice-minister for foreign affairs, Japan.”

KEYS:

  1. Colombo, the capital of Sri Lanka, has a long history as a port on ancient east-west trade routes, ruled successively by the Portuguese, Dutch and British
  2. That heritage is reflected in its architecture, mixing colonial buildings with high-rises and shopping malls
  3. The imposing Colombo National Museum, dedicated to Sri Lankan history, borders sprawling Viharamahadevi Park and its giant Buddha
  4. Local time: Monday 7:31 PM
  5. District: Colombo District
  6. Postal code: 0xxxx

 

Google brings free WiFi to Indonesia

  1. Google Station, which is the biggest tech part giant’s public Wi-Fi program targeting emerging markets, has been going to launched in Indonesia, following its inaugural launch in India last year.
  2. “There are many obstacles in Indonesia to having good internet access. That’s why we are bringing Google Station [here],” Google Indonesia country director Tony Keusgen told a press conference on Thursday in Jakarta.
  3. “This program will be launched in Jakarta, followed by Surabaya, Denpasar and Bandung, and then to other cities. We will start this year, therefore millions of people will soon have access to public Wi-Fi,” said Tony.
  4. “In India, we installed [Google Station] at more than 200 train stations, introducing the internet to 15,000 people in India,” said Tony. (kes)
  5. “We are partnering with CBN and Fiberstar to bring high-speed public Wi-Fi to hundreds of locations across Indonesia,” Google said in a blog post on Friday. “Soon, we will be bringing Google Station to even more places around the world. We are also continuing our work to expand Google Station across India,” it added.

KEYS:

  1. Google is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products
  2. These include online advertising technologies, search, cloud computing, software, and hardware
  3. Founded: 4 September 1998, Menlo Park, California, United States
  4. CEO: Sundar Pichai (2 Oct 2015–)
  5. Headquarters: Mountain View, California, United States
  6. Subsidiaries: YouTube, Nik Software, ITA Software, Google Japan
  7. Founders: Larry Page, Sergey Brin
  8. Parent organization: Alphabet Inc.

 

Festival of India being Organised in Brazil from 31 August to 9 September 2017

  1. A Festival of India has been organized in Brazil from 31 August-9 September 2017. The Festival will create the sign of the Indian culture, i.e. classical dances, literature, cuisine and Exhibition on Mahatma Gandhi. The following events will be held in the cities of Brasilia, Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro:
  2. Bharatnatyam Dance by Devayani and Group from 31 August-4 September 2017.
  3. Kathak Dance by Nandini Singh and Group from 1-5 September 2017
  4. Indian Food Festival from 3-9 September 2017
  5. Literary Festival from 5-9 September 2017
  6. Exhibition on Mahatma Gandhi from 31 August-9 September 2017

 

 

BANKING & FINANCE

HDFC Bank Launches All-in-one PoS Machine

HDFC Bank Launches All-in-one PoS Machine

  1. HDFC Bank, which is the largest merchant payment bank 40 per cent market share, today launched an all-in-one offering, DigiPoS Machine, that offers a complete suite of digital payment solutions.
  2. “With DigiPoS, a merchant can use as many as 12 various digital payment options like UPI, Bharat QR, SMS Pay, PayZapp, Tap & Pay, EMIs in addition to pay through debit/ credit card swiping,” Parag Rao, head of card payments & merchant acquiring services at the second largest private sector lender said.
  3. Rao said “All a merchant has to do is to update his/her machine with a software at no cost, but added that the new software will work only on HDFC Bank-issued PoS machines, but will accept any card or app from any bank/service provider.”
  4. “The way it typically happens is that somebody comes to the merchant and asks him to download this or that app on his smartphone. When there are so many devices, he is confused,” Rao said.
  5. AP Hota, who recently retired as managing director and chief executive officer of National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI), said, “Customers of varying profiles can make use of the same platform. So, merchants need not invest in multiple devices. It is definitely a change for the better and it will be the trend forward,”

KEYS:

  1. HDFC Bank Limited is an Indian banking and financial services company headquartered in Mumbai, Maharashtra
  2. It has 84,325 employees and has a presence in Bahrain, Hong Kong and Dubai
  3. HDFC Bank is India’s largest private sector lender by assets
  4. CEO: Aditya Puri (Sep 1994–)
  5. Headquarters: Mumbai
  6. Founded: August 1994, India
  7. Revenue: 743.7 billion INR (US$11 billion, 2016)
  8. Number of employees: 84,325 (March 2017)
  9. Subsidiaries: HDFC securities, Next Gen Publishing,

 

 

The CEO of Western Digital in Japan to finalise Toshiba chip deal

  1. Western Digital Corp’s chief executive who is in the Tokyo to signed one of the Toshiba Corp’s memory chip business, ending months of dispute over the auction, a person familiar with the matter told Reuters on Monday.
  2. The facilitates and Toshiba aim to announce a deal on Thursday when the board of the embattled Japanese conglomerate is due to meet, separate people familiar with the matter also said.
  3. In this deal there is the some of the Toshiba, which is scrambling to sell its flash memory unit – the world’s No. 2 producer of NAND chips – to cover billions in losses at its bankrupt U.S. nuclear business Westinghouse.
  4. In this agreement there is the some of the victory for Western Digital, Toshiba’s joint venture partner for its chip business, after relations with the Japanese firm frayed to point where other bidders were chosen first and the U.S. firm initiated legal action that threatened to derail any deal.

KEYS:

  1. Japan is an island nation in the Pacific Ocean with dense cities, imperial palaces, mountainous national parks and thousands of shrines and temples
  2. Shinkansen bullet trains connect the main islands of Kyushu (with Okinawa’s subtropical beaches), Honshu (home to Tokyo and Hiroshima’s atomic-bomb memorial) and Hokkaido (famous for skiing)
  3. Tokyo, the capital, is known for skyscrapers, shopping and pop culture
  4. Capital: Tokyo
  5. Currency: Japanese yen
  6. Prime minister: Shinzō Abe

 

 

 

Science and Technology

Scientists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania

Scientists discover new species of titanosaurian dinosaur in Tanzania

  1. There is the new member has been found at the long-necked sauropods. Its fossil remains were recovered from Cretaceous Period (70-100 million years ago) rocks in southwestern Tanzania.
  2. “There are anatomical features present only in Shingopana and in several South American titanosaurs, but not in other African titanosaurs,” said lead paper author Eric Gorscak, a paleontologist at the Field Museum of Natural History in Chicago. “Shingopana had siblings in South America, whereas other African titanosaurs were only distant cousins.”
  3. “This discovery suggests that the fauna of northern and southern Africa was very different in the Cretaceous Period,” said Judy Skog, a program director in NSF’s Division of Earth Sciences, which supported the research. “At that time, southern Africa dinosaurs were more closely related to those in South America, and were more widespread than we knew.”
  4. “We’re still only scratching the surface of understanding the diversity of organisms, and the environments in which they lived, on the African continent during the Late Cretaceous,” said O’Connor.
  5. Roberts said that “the presence of bone-borings provides a CSI-like opportunity to study the skeleton and reconstruct the timing of death and burial, and offers rare evidence of ancient insects and complex food webs during the age of the dinosaurs.”

KEYS:

  1. Tanzania is an East African country known for its vast wilderness areas
  2. They include the plains of Serengeti National Park, a safari mecca populated by the “big five” game (elephant, lion, leopard, buffalo, rhino), and Kilimanjaro National Park, home to Africa’s highest mountain
  3. Offshore lie the tropical islands of Zanzibar, with Arabic influences, and Mafia, with a marine park home to whale sharks and coral reefs
  4. Capital: Dodoma
  5. Dialing code: +255
  6. Currency: Tanzanian shilling
  7. Official languages: Swahili, English

 

 

 

SPORTS

Hamilton wins Belgian Grand Pix

Hamilton wins Belgian Grand Pix

  1. There has been the flow of the season’s Formula One world championship and has been in the lending of the narrative of the defies a prediction of its ultimate denouement with any confidence. The Belgian Grand Prix was yet another chapter that added fascinating depth to the rapidly approaching finale.
  2. Hamilton acknowledged how tough a meeting it had been. “They have put in a fantastic fight,” he said. “The speed and pace they had was very strong. There was no point at which I was comfortable. Both of us were pushing for every single lap. It was like a sprint race, no room for error or the smallest mistake. There were strengths and weaknesses on both sides, we were constantly exchanging times.”
  3. Vettel also enjoyed their tense tussle at the front. “It was a very good race, good fun,” he said. “The quality was very high but I never really had a chance. Maybe half a chance, quarter of a chance but the positive thing is that we had very good race pace. Overall the car was very good.”
  4. “It was fun to be racing against Sebastian at his best and the car at its best,” he said. “I think they had the better pace today but fortunately I was able to just stay ahead. From today it looks like it is going down to the wire, the difference could be in the pendulum swinging a millimetre either way.”
  5. “We were nearly a second off in Silverstone. So it’s a big step. I’m very, very happy. I think we are on the right track and I don’t think we have a circuit we should fear from now.

 

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

Biju Patnaik Award for Scientific Excellence

Biju Patnaik Award for Scientific Excellence

  1. Orissa Bigyan Academy (OBA), the three-decade-old premiere forum of Orissa’s scientists, has been declaired its annual awards for the 2008 and 2009.
  2. Biju Patnaik Award for scientific excellence and that has been stated the first State Government’s Department of Science and Technology – would go to Kulamani Parida and Rajanikanta Choudhury for both the years respectively. The award comprises a cash prize of Rs. 2 lakh, a citation, a memento, a certificate, a shawl and a silver medallion.
  3. Samanta Chandra Sekhar Award – named after the legendary astronomer of Orissa and presented for outstanding research contribution in science and technology during the five years preceding the year of award – have gone to Tapan Kumar Adhya (life sciences), Prafulla Kumar Sahoo (physical sciences) and Rabindra Kishore Mishra (engineering and technology) for the year 2008. Manamohan Parida shall be the recipient of the award in the category of “scientists working outside the State”. Similarly, for the year 2009, Rabindra Nath Padhi (life sciences), Arun Kumar Pati (physical sciences), Mohmmed Khalid Khan (engineering and technology) and Debi Prasad Mishra (Oriya scientist working outside the State) shall be the awardees.
  4. “My government is aware that science and technology can only grow and flourish on the bedrock of pure science. I congratulate all the award winners and hope it will inspire all our youngsters to take up science in higher studies which will ultimately benefit the society,” Patnaik said.

 

 

 

Sandeep Kumar

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants. You may join me on Facebook

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