Current Affairs Today – June, 27th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

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Current Affairs Today – June, 27th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

INDIAN AFFAIRS

World’s Highest Rail Track survey to commence at Leh

World's Highest Rail Track survey to commence at Leh

  1. The Indian railway will get exclude the survey of the of the 498 km long Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line at Leh in Jammu and Kashmir this week. This will be at the height of the of 3,300 meters, the anonymously it is important rail project is touted to become the highest rail track in the world, overtaking China’s Qinghai-Tibet Railway.
  2. The final issued of this survey has been inaugurates by the RITES, a Railways PSU. “RITES has deployed its expert team to carry out this challenging task. The survey will be carried out in three phases and is slated to be completed by 2019,” said a senior Railway Ministry official.
  3. Railway minister Suresh Prabhu establishes this project at the work for the final location survey on June 27 at an estimated cost of Rs 157.77 crore. The survey is funded by the defence ministry.
  4. Fourteen railway track lines has been introduced, out of which four – Bilaspur-Manali-Leh, Missamari-Tenga-Tawang, North Lakhimpur-Bame-Silapathar and Pasighat-Tezu-Rupai – will be taken up in the first phase. The Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line is along Himachal-J&K border and the last three lines along Assam-Arunachal border.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of RITES- Rail India Technical and Economic Service
  2. RITES Limited is an engineering consultancy company, specializing in the field of transport infrastructure
  3. Number of employees: 2,000
  4. Founded: 1974
  5. Headquarters: Gurugram, India
  6. Net income: 2.64 billion INR (2014)
  7. Subsidiaries: Tanzania Railways Limited, More
  8. Type of business: State-owned enterprise

 

Adhar not valid for travel to Nepal, Bhutan: Home Ministry

Adhar not valid for travel to Nepal, Bhutan: Home Ministry

  1. Valid identification document for Indians travelling to Nepal and Bhutan the Aadhaar that is UIDAI, it is said by the Union home ministry has said. Indians can travel to Nepal and Bhutan–both countries for which they don’t need visas if they possess a valid national passport or election ID card issued by the Election Commission.
  2. A communiqué issued by the ministry said, “Aadhaar (UID) card is not an acceptable travel document for travel to Nepal/Bhutan,”
  3. An order issued by the home ministry said, “It has been decided to discontinue the practice of filling up of the departure card by Indians at all international airports with effect from July 1, 2017,”
  4. Bhutan, which has joints the borders with Sikkim, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal, has about 60,000 Indian nationals, employed mostly in the hydroelectric power and construction industry. In addition, between 8,000 and 10,000 daily workers enter and exit Bhutan everyday in border towns.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of UIDAI- Unique Identification Authority of India
  2. Country- India
  3. Ministry- Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, India
  4. Key people- Nandan Nilekani, Dr. Ajay Bhushan Pandey CEO, UIDAI
  5. Launched- 28 January 2009

 

For the first time in the history of Manipur, 24/7 helpline 181 launched for women

  1. To see that the in many places there are many of the problems are faced by women in Manipur, the Biren Singh, the leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) Government has launched a toll free 24/7 helpline number 181 for women in the state.
  2. Principal Secretary (Social Welfare) J C Ramthanga, Director (Social Welfare), Jacintha Lazarus and Deputy Commissioner (Imphal West District) N Geoffrey attended this function of the launching of the project as the guests of honour.
  3. “The reports of crime against women have been alarmingly increasing over the years, as can be observed through the daily news, which calls for an action to stop such incidents from occurring in our near future,” Kipgen said.
  4. This helpline will also work as the crisis and non-crisis intervention through referral to the appropriate agencies such as police, hospitals, and ambulance services, District Legal Service Authority (DLSA), protection officer (PO) /OSC.

KEYS:

  1. Manipur is a state in northeastern India, with the city of Imphal as its capital
  2. It is bounded by Nagaland to the north, Mizoram to the south, and Assam to the west; Burma lies to its east
  3. Districts: 16
  4. Population: 2.722 million (2011)
  5. Formation: 21 January 1972†
  6. Capitals: Imphal, Guwahati (Judiciary)
  7. Points of interest: Kangla Fort, Manipur State Museum, More

 

135th Jagannath Puri chariot festival begins in Odisha

  1. There is for the security, at the Odisha’s Puri is ready for the out of the Rath Yatra festival of Lord Jagannath. There are expected that total of the Ten thousand people in this religious event of the Jagannath. This is the 5000 year old chariot festival that is the sign of the return of the Lord Krishna to Vrindavan with his brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra.
  2. The Jagannath Yatra festival, this year will starts from June 25 and ends on July 3. The day that falls on July 3, that is the end of Yatra is termed as the return cart festival or Bahuda Jatra. In this yatra the rain plays an, important role during the Rath Yatra in Puri. According to Hindu calendar, this yatra is celebrated every year on Ashadh Shukla Dwitiya.
  3. This Rath festival usually celebrated in the month of June or July. This yatra includes three majestic chariots Nandighosa (Lord Jagannath), Taladwaja (Balabhadra) and Darpadalan (Subhadra).
  4. The people of the devotee of the krishna have kept ready the 12th century Jagannath Temple, situated in Puri. On the occasion of Rath Yatra today, devotees will pull these three chariots on the grand road to the Gundicha Temple, which is situated about three kilometres from the main temple.

KEYS:

  1. Celebrated on- Ashadha Shukla Paksha Dwitiya
  2. The festival commemorates Jagannath’s annual visit to Gundicha Temple via Mausi Maa Temple (aunt’s home) near Balagandi Chaka, Puri
  3. Ratha Yatra or Ratha Jatra or Chariot Festival is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath held at Puri in the state of Odisha, India
  4. As many as three new splendid chariots are created for the Puri Yatra (the journey) of the Gods – Lord Jagannath and his siblings – every year.

 

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

China asks Pakistan, Afghan to meet halfway to improve ties

China asks Pakistan, Afghan to meet halfway to improve ties

  1. China has said in the report to Pakistan and Afghanistan to improve their bilateral ties and “meet each other halfway”, as it agreed to set up a trilateral mechanism to help reconstruct ties between Islamabad and Kabul.
  2. Pakistan Prime Minister’s Advisor on Foreign Affairs Sartaj Aziz said, “In this context, Afghanistan, Pakistan and China agreed on the need for reviving the QCG (Quadrilateral Coordination Group) process in order to create a conducive environment for talks between the Afghan government and the Taliban,”
  3. Talking about bilateral relations with China, Aziz said, “We agreed on the need for strategic balance in South Asia. Pakistan’s relations with China are the cornerstone of our foreign policy.”
  4. Sartaj Aziz said, “In our discussions, yesterday, we took stock of the progress made in bilateral relations, including political, strategic and economic cooperation. We identified areas for further consolidation of the ‘all weather’ relationship between Pakistan and the China,”

KEYS:

  1. Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country located within South Asia and Central Asia
  2. The country has a population of 33 million, making it the 42nd most populous country in the world
  3. Capital: Kabul
  4. President: Ashraf Ghani
  5. Official languages: Pashto, Dari

 

29.5 million People globally suffer from drug use disorders, opioids the most harmful says World Drug Report 2017

29.5 million People globally suffer from drug use disorders, opioids the most harmful says World Drug Report 2017

  1. In the year 2015 there are about the one third people of the world have used the drugs. In this there are around 29.5 million people or 0.6 per cent of the global adult population – were engaged in problematic use and suffered from drug use disorders, including dependence.
  2. Opioids was the most harmful drugs at that time that is about 70 per cent of the negative health impact associated with drug use disorders worldwide, according to the latest World Drug Report, it is said by the released report of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).
  3. In this report it is given that the hepatitis C is causing the greatest harm among the estimated 12 million people who inject drugs worldwide. Out of this number, one in eight (1.6 million) is living with HIV and more than half (6.1 million) are living with hepatitis C, while around 1.3 million are suffering from both hepatitis C and HIV.
  4. By this report it is shown that the three times of the people who use drugs, die from hepatitis C (222,000) than from HIV (60,000). However, the Report stresses that despite recent advances in the treatment of hepatitis C, access remains poor, as treatment remains very expensive in most countries.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of UNODC- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
  2. Formation- 1997; 20 years ago (as Office for Drug Control and Crime Prevention)
  3. Type- Agency
  4. Legal status- Active
  5. Head- Executive Director Yuri Fedotov
  6. Parent organization- United Nations

 

World Taekwondo Federation change its name as World Taekwondo

  1. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) has changed its name to World Taekwondo that is because of the “negative connotations” associated with its initials. The changed name has been taken from its previous name since it was established in 1973.
  2. World Taekwondo Championships in South Korea, federation president Chungwon Choue said, “Commitment to evolving and adapting to remain relevant with today’s modern audiences. We know that in such a competitive world, we must always evolve and adapt to stay relevant and appeal to young and modern audiences.”,
  3. Chungwon Choue said, “In the digital age, the acronym of our federation has developed negative connotations unrelated to our organization and so it was important that we rebranded to better engage with our fans.”
  4. The name of this World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) has been used from the 1973. To see ahead, it will simply be known as World Taekwondo. The change was made before the start of the 2017 World Taekwondo Championships, which run from June 24 to June 30.

KEYS:

  1. Formation- May 28, 1973
  2. Purpose- Martial art and sport
  3. Headquarters- Samseong-dong, Gangnam-gu, Seoul
  4. Location- South Korea
  5. Region served- Worldwide
  6. Official language- English
  7. President- Choue Chung-won

BANKING & FINANCE

State fiscal deficit soars to Rs 4.93 trillion in FY16

State fiscal deficit soars to Rs 4.93 trillion in FY16

  1. It is by the report that most populous Uttar Pradesh and the largest Rajasthan, the gross fiscal deficits of all the states skyrocketed to Rs 4, 93,360 crore in fiscal 2016 from Rs 18,790 crore in FY1991, according to the latest RBI data.
  2. In the second edition of the data RBI’s statistical publication titled ‘Handbook of Statistics on States 2016-17’, which was released on Saturday, the gap is projected to improve to Rs 4,49,520 crore as per the budget estimates of the states for fiscal 2017.

KEYS:

  1. Uttar Pradesh had a fiscal Rs 64,320 crore in FY16 and but is projected to improve to Rs 49,960 crore in FY17.
  2. Rajasthan, Rs 67,350 crore in FY16 and is projected to decline to Rs 40,530 crore in FY17.
  3. Maharashtra, Rs 37,950 crore in FY16 which is projected to improve to Rs 35,030 crore in FY17.
  4. Gujarat, Rs 22,170 crore in FY16 and is projected to further deteriorate in FY17 to Rs 24,610 crore.
  5. Western state Rs 15,150 crore in FY10 and further to Rs 18,320 crore in FY15.
  6. Andhra Pradesh at Rs 20,500 crore in FY17, which was Rs 17,000 crore in FY16 and a paltry Rs 970 crore in FY91.
  7. Tamil Nadu, Rs 40,530 crore in FY17, up from Rs 32,320 crore a year ago and Rs 1,130 crore in FY91.
  8. Karnataka, in FY17 at Rs 25,660 crore, up from Rs 20,560 a year ago and Rs 560 crore in FY91.
  9. Kerala, Rs 23,140 crore in FY17 from Rs 17,720 crore in FY16 and a healthy Rs 800 crore in FY91.
  10. Bihar, Rs 16,010 crore in FY17 against Rs 28,510 crore in FY16.
  11. West Bengal, Rs 19,360 crore in FY17 from Rs 25,180 crore a year ago and a healthy Rs 1,630 crore in FY91.

 

SBI chief’s salary zilch compared to counterparts in private banks

SBI chief's salary zilch compared to counterparts in private banks

  1. One of the world’s 50 largest banks the SBI, pays only a small fraction to its top management as compared to private sector players like ICICI BankBSE 0.71 % and HDFC Bank.
  2. A PTI report said on Sunday, “Remuneration comprises various components, including basic salary, allowances and perquisite, PF, superannuation allowances, gratuity and performance bonus and payment of performance bonus is deferred over a multi-year period,”

KEYS:

  1. Chanda Kochhar, ICICI- the Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer of ICICI bank, Chanda Kochar took home a gross salary of Rs 7.29 crore. Her basic salary was Rs 2.66 crore in FY17.
  2. Shikha Sharma, Axis Bank- MD & CEO of Axis bank – Shikha Sharma had a basic salary of Rs 2.7 crore and Rs 1.35 crore as variable pay.
  3. Rana Kapoor, Yes Bank- Private sector bank founded by Rana Kapoor who is also the MD & CEO of Yes Bank drew Rs 6.8 crore in the last fiscal year.
  4. Aditya Puri, HDFC Bank- MD HDFC bank, Aditya Puri had a salary package of Rs 10 crore in FY17 and exercised stock options of Rs 57 crore during the same period.
  5. Arundhati Bhattacharya, SBI- Bhattacharya drew Rs 28.96 lakh in FY17.

 

 

RBI’s new diktat could see banks face Rs 50000 crore blow

  1. The Reserve Bank of India have issued an announcement on Friday by demanding a steep increase in provisioning requirements for loans has been referred as the case of bankruptcy courts, a move likely to take a Rs 50,000-crore toll on their earnings this fiscal, said two bankers familiar with the order.
  2. A senior bank official said, “The saving grace here is that the RBI has given banks time of three quarters to spread the provisioning requirement,” said
  3. RBI had said at the time, “The circular on revised provisioning norms for cases accepted for resolution under the IBC is being issued separately,”
  4. A bank official said, “In effect, banks will be very careful in dragging those companies to NCLT that have just slipped into bad loan category on fear of making high provisions. However, if some other operational creditor takes a company to NCLT, banks will be left with no choice but to provide for it.”

KEYS:

  1. Full form of NCLT- National Company Law Tribunal
  2. The NCLT was established under the Companies Act 2013 and was constituted on 1 June 2016

Science and Technology

ISRO made system to alert users at unmanned level crossings

ISRO made system to alert users at unmanned level crossings

  1. ISRO has made the Satellite-based chip systems that will alert the crossings of theroad at the time of the untimed lavel. This chip will show the unmanned level crossings of the trains and also help in the track the train in real time basis. That is main features of the Satellite- based chip. On a pilot basis, the Mumbai and Guwahati Rajdhani trains will be equipped with this system.
  2. To help this there will be the halts of 20 unmanned level crossings on Rajdhani routes for Guwahati and Mumbai that is said by the senior Railway Ministry official involved with the project.
  3. The hooter will be activated through the IC chip, and that will be about 500 metres before the level crossings, warning road users as well as the train driver near the crossing.
  4. There are total of the 10,000 unmanned railway crossings in the country which by this there are about the 40 per cent of accidents involving the railways.

KEYS:

  1. Full form of ISRO- Indian Space Research Organisatio
  2. Established- 15 August 1969 (1962 as INCOSPAR)
  3. Headquarters- Bangalore, Karnataka, India
  4. Primary spaceport- Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
  5. Motto- मानव जाति की सेवा में अंतरिक्ष प्रौद्योगिकी (Hindi)
  6. IAST: Mānav Jāti Kī Sevā Men Antarikṣa Praudyogikī
  7. (Space technology in the Service of humankind.)
  8. Administrator- A. S. Kiran Kumar (Chairman)

 

 

Great Barrier Reef valued at $56bn as report warns it’s ‘too big to fail’

  1. In the new report that is get to know that it is big problem that, lack of Great Barrier Reef and this is the twice of the Adani’s new mega coal mine in Queensland a project opponents say will help sign the reef’s death warrant.
  2. In the report, prepared for the Great Barrier Reef Foundation it is says, “The reef is critical to supporting economic activity and jobs in Australia. The livelihoods and businesses it supports across Australia far exceeds the numbers supported by many industries we would consider too big to fail.”
  3. Dr John Schubert, the chairman of the reef foundation, which works to address environmental threats said, “There has never been a more critical time to understand precisely what the reef contributes and, therefore, what we stand to lose without it,”
  4. Dr John Schubert said, “This report makes it clear that the Great Barrier Reef is a treasure that is too big to fail. It is a call to action for us all – individuals, businesses, foundations and governments – to respond in equal measure to ensure that we don’t fail our natural wonder.”

KEYS:

  1. The Great Barrier Reef, off the coast of Queensland in northeastern Australia, is the largest living thing on Earth, and even visible from outer space
  2. The 2,300km-long ecosystem comprises thousands of reefs and hundreds of islands made of over 600 types of hard and soft coral
  3. It’s home to countless species of colourful fish, molluscs and starfish, plus turtles, dolphins and sharks.
  4. Area: 132,974 mi²
  5. UNESCO World Heritage Site inscription: 1981
  6. The second longest barrier reef in the world, the Belize Reef off the Caribbean coast of Belize, only measures 290km (180 miles) in length

 

SPORTS

India vs Canada, Hockey World League: India lose 2-3 to Canada

India vs Canada, Hockey World League: India lose 2-3 to Canada

  1. By the disappointing and by the mismatching the team India has finished his rank sixth in the Hero Hockey World League Semi-Final after being stunned 2-3 by Canada that was on Sunday. This lost was the India’s second lost in the tournament that is after the match that is lost to Malaysia in the quarterfinals.
  2. Gordon Johnston (3rd, 44th minutes) has scored two goals while Keegan Pereira (40th) has get seen for the 11th ranked Canadians. Harmanpreet Singh (7th, 22nd) converted two of India’s eight penalty corners.
  3. India has kept their hope for the rank of fifth that was after the biggest win by the Pakistan 6-1 in a classification match on Saturday. Ramandeep Singh, Talwinder Singh, Harmapreet Singh and Mandeep Singh were the scorers. India has won four matches in the tournament so far.
  4. Canada, has at other side has won the rank by 7-3 and will look to continue their good form against India. India blanked Canada 3-0 earlier in the tournament.

KEYS:

  1. The FIH Hockey World League is an international field hockey competition organized by the International Hockey Federation
  2. The competition, which is held over two years, also serves as the qualifier for the Hockey World Cup and the Olympic Games
  3. Number of teams: 32
  4. of teams: +32
  5. Date founded: 2012
  6. Sport: Field hockey

 

 

Sebastian Vettel ‘disgraced himself’, says furious Lewis Hamilton

  1. Lewis Hamilton has accused Formula One rival Sebastian Vettel of disgracing himself and deliberately driving into his car that can be big clash between the world championship rivals dominated Sunday’s Grand Prix in Azerbaijan.
  2. Hamilton said, “Deliberately driving into another driver and getting away pretty much scot-free as he still came fourth, I think that’s a disgrace. I think he disgraced himself today. Imagine all the young kids that are watching Formula 1 today and see that kind of behavior from a four-time world champion. I think that says it all.”
  3. Hamilton said, “If he wants to prove that he’s a man, I think we should do it out of the car face-to-face. Driving dangerously, which in any way can put another driver at risk… we were going slow, if we had been going fast it could have been a lot worse.”
  1. “In the end I don’t agree with the penalty that I got, because if you penalize me then you should penalise us both because that was not the way to do it,” the championship leader was quoted as saying on the F1 website.

KEYS:

  1. Sebastian Vettel is a German racing driver currently driving in Formula One for Scuderia Ferrari
  2. He is a four-time Formula One World Champion, having won the championship in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 and more.
  3. Born: July 3, 1987 (age 29), Heppenheim, Germany
  4. First win: 2008 Italian Grand Prix
  5. Car number: 5
  6. Partner: Hanna Prater
  7. 2017 team: Ferrari
  8. Sebastian Vettel has the world’s fifth-largest sports contract ($240,000,000, with Ferrari)

 

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

Air Force releases awards criteria for new ‘C’ and ‘R’ devices

Air Force releases awards criteria for new 'C' and 'R' devices

  1. The US Air Force has announced the Pentagon’s award for the career specialties eligible to receive the “R device” for remote impacts, that are those with hands-on employment of a drone or other weapon system that directly impacts combat or military operations overseas.
  2. “The ‘R device’ may be awarded to airmen who, during the period of an action, served in the remotely piloted aircraft, cyber, space or [intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance] career field,” Air Force spokesman Col. Patrick Ryder told reporters Thursday.
  3. “who will get it and how it would be distributed,” said Air Force spokeswoman Brooke Brzozowske.
  4. “These actions can be performed in any domain but must not expose the individual to personal hostile action,” the Air Force said in a release following the briefing.
  5. “The standardization of the ‘V’ device as a valor-only device will ensure unambiguous and distinctive recognition of distinguished acts of combat heroism,” the release said.

KEYS:

  1. The United States Air Force is the aerial warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven American uniformed services
  2. Motto: “Aim High … Fly-Fight-Win”
  3. Founder: United States Congress
  4. Founded: September 18, 1947, United States of America
  5. Headquarters: Washington, D.C., United States
  6. Bombers: Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Northrop Grumman B-2 Spirit
  7. Fighters: McDonnell Douglas F-15 Eagle, More

OBITUARY

Former SNP leader Gordon Wilson dies

Former SNP leader Gordon Wilson dies

  1. Mr Wilson, who has led the party from the year 1979 to 1990. He has also represented Dundee East in the House of Commons from 1974 to 1987 has died in hospital early on Sunday after a short illness at the age of 79.
  2. First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said, “From his early days promoting the case for independence on Radio Free Scotland to his 13 years of service as MP for Dundee East and 11 years as leader of the party Gordon was a passionate advocate for Scotland at every level.
  3. She also said, “Gordon was always forthright in his views and his commitment to seeing Scotland become an independent country was second to none. Even – perhaps especially – on those occasions when his views on tactics differed from mine, I always highly valued and appreciated his advice.
  4. Ms Sturgeon said, “My thoughts are with Edith and all of his family at this time. Gordon will be fondly remembered and sadly missed by all those who knew and worked with him in the SNP and across the country.”

KEYS:

  1. Robert Gordon Wilson was a Scottish politician and solicitor
  2. He was the leader of the Scottish National Party from 1979 to 1990, and was SNP Member of Parliament for Dundee East from 1974 to 1987
  3. Born: April 16, 1938, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  4. Died: June 25, 2017, Scotland, United Kingdom
  5. Leader: William Wolfe
  6. Education: University of Edinburgh
  7. Party: Scottish National Party
  8. Books: Pirates of the Air: The Story of Radio Free Scotland, Bond of Friendship

IMPORTANT DAYS

June 27 1964 – Teen Murti Bhavan, official residence of the Prime Minister of India, becomes the Nehru Memorial Museum.

June 27 1964 - Teen Murti Bhavan, official residence of the Prime Minister of India, becomes the Nehru Memorial Museum.

  1. The Teen Murti Bhavan main and originally official residence of the leader Pandit Nehru, he has lived there for 16 years, until his death. The Teen Murti Bhavan was originally known as “Flagstaff House” and it was built in 1930 for the Commander in Chief of the British forces in India.
  2. The Teen Murti Bhavan was designed by Robert Tor Russell, the same architect behind the designing of Connaught Place and the Eastern and Western courts of Janpath during the Raj. Teen Murti, get names by the means of, Three Statues, a memorial created by British sculptor Leonard Jennings.
  3. The Teen Murti Bhavan was built in 1922 in memory of Indian soldiers from the then three princely states of Jodhpur, Hyderabad and Mysore and those who served in what is today known as the Gaza Strip during World War I, under the British India Army.

KEYS:

  1. Location- Teen Murti Road
  2. Address- New Delhi, India
  3. Coordinates- 28.602608°N 77.198774°ECoordinates: 28.602608°N 77.198774°E
  4. Completed- 1930
  5. Owner- Government of India
  6. Design and construction and Architect- Robert Tor Russell

 

 

 

 

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