Current Affairs Today – July, 14th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Over Rs 57,000 crore saved through DBT: Government

Over Rs 57,000 crore saved through DBT: Government

  1. The Government has said that it will save the cost of the ₹27,000 crore by transferring of the cash in every year to the beneficiaries under various welfare schemes in the last two years.
  2. Over 1.6 crore there is in the report many of the ration cards have been getting avoided and ended and saving of the ₹10,000 crore. Similarly, 3.5 crore and same as this many of the duplicate like the PAHAL scheme, resulting in savings of over ₹14,000 crore in 2014-15 alone. and ended and saving of the ₹10,000 crore. Similarly, 3.5 crore and same as this many of the duplicate like the PAHAL scheme, resulting in savings of over ₹14,000 crore in 2014-15 alone.
  3. The Prime Minister has also got the news of the development of the Aadhaar and DBT. In 2015-16, fund transfers worth ₹61,000 crore was done through DBT to over 30 crore beneficiaries. This includes over ₹25,000 crore in MGNREGS and over ₹21,000 crore in PAHAL (for cooking gas).
  4. “It has also resulted in weeding out of duplicate beneficiaries. The Several States and Union Territories to have achieved significant savings through DBT” said an official release on Tuesday.

 

Meghalaya CM Mukul Sangma launches LIFE program at Songsak

Meghalaya CM Mukul Sangma launches LIFE program at Songsak

  1. On Wednesday the Meghalaya chief minister, Mukul Sangma today launched the Livelihood Intervention and Facilitation of Entrepreneurship (Life) program in Songsak at the side of East Garo Hills. Songsak is the 210km west of the state capital, Shillong.
  2. The chief minister said, “I have been designing the program to include everybody in the state of Meghalaya so that each one of us can benefit from the schemes. We will ensure that people can generate income in their own backward by providing them assistance to do plantation and other income-generating activities through different livelihood missions of the state.”
  3. Kumar said the government envisages to reduce poverty by building capacity and linking the SHGs to different financial institutions. “Life will give support to every block in the state and supplement the efforts of National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) and encourage NGOs and village employment councils (VECs) to further organize women into SHGs.”
  4. “We have a clear goal and vision to promote SHG movement in the state, particularly in rural areas. A self-help group is the only effective way to reduce largescale poverty and enhance livelihood and security for the people,” Kumar said.

KEYS:

  1. Meghalaya is a state in northeast India
  2. The name means “the abode of clouds” in Sanskrit
  3. The population of Meghalaya as of 2016 is estimated to be 3,211,474
  4. Capital: Shillong
  5. Formation: 21 January 1972†
  6. Points of interest: Umiam Lake, Nohkalikai Falls, Elephant Falls, MORE
  7. Chief minister: Mukul Sangma
  8. Languages: Hindi, Khasi language, Assamese language

 

Railways launch RailCloud to optimize server management, resources

  1. Today the Indian Railways is going to launch the RailCloud, this cloud is the virtual connectivity or the server, and this server will provide the data connectivity without any interruption. The Development of the RailCloud is done by the rail PSU RailTel, the total caps in the development of this is the about Rs. 53 crore, Raincloud aims at optimizing server resources and its management.
  2. “RailCloud technology enables maximizing the usage of available server and storage resulting in accommodation of bigger data and more applications within same server space. This makes the system suitable to meet higher demand,” said a senior Railway Ministry official.
  3. Asked about the security aspect of the system, the official said, “It is a private cloud which has an inbuilt security system. In fact, it will improve security and reduce the cost by 30 per cent.”
  4. Railways have started its own IT sector of the more employment, christened IR-OneICT, for an enterprise-wide digital single platform with an aim to improve customer satisfaction, improve revenue and effective, efficient and safe operations.

KEYS:

  1. Founded- 16 April 1853 (164 years ago)
  2. Headquarters- New Delhi, India
  3. Suresh Prabhakar Prabhu- (Minister of Railways, 2014–)
  4. Services- Passenger railways
  5. Freight services- Parcel carrier
  6. Catering and Tourism Services
  7. Parking lot operations

 

Rajasthan becomes the first State to fix Minimum qualifications for coop. societies’ polls

  1. In the month of July 2017 the state, Rajasthan has been coming in the lower of the educational qualification and the literature in the election of the village cooperative societies and various other cooperative bodies.
  2. Department officials have got an announcement that any one can not be imposed for the election of the president or vice-president of the cooperative society, as it was earlier. “The cooperative societies would remain free from political interference,”
  3. He said, “If a board of director does not cooperate with the election authority in the election process, does not share records to the inquiry officer or does not appoint auditing officer according to act, the board would be declared ineligible for six years.”
  4. Minister of State for Cooperatives Shri Ajay Singh Kulak said, “By this more employment would be available in the field of cooperatives and also, competent and talented personnel could be selected in a transparent way,”

KEYS:

  1. Rajasthan is a northern Indian state bordering Pakistan
  2. Its palaces and forts are reminders of the many kingdoms that historically vied for the region
  3. In its capital, Jaipur (the “Pink City”), is the 18th-century City Palace and Hawa Mahal, a former cloister for royal women, fronted by a 5-story pink-sandstone screen
  4. Amer Fort, atop a nearby hill, was built by a Rajput prince in the early 1600s
  5. Districts: 33 total
  6. Destinations: Jaipur, Udaipur, Jaisalmer, Mount Abu, Jodhpur
  7. Capitals: Jaipur, Jodhpur (Judiciary)

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

41st annual UNESCO World Heritage Committee conference held in Poland

41st annual UNESCO World Heritage Committee conference held in Poland

  1. The meeting of the UNESCO by the world heritage has been started by July 12 and in this, there can be the meeting of the Palestinian motion to deny Israel sovereignty over Jerusalem and the level of protection Poland gives its pristine Bialowieza forest.
  2. UNESCO Director-General Irina Bokova and Polish Culture Minister Piotr Glinski has held and lead the meeting in the Renaissance Wawel Castle in Krakow, on Wednesday this was the historic city on the UNESCO World Heritage site.
  3. After this, they also go for the scene of the Poland’s most precious painting, Leonardo da Vinci’s “Lady with an Ermine,” which the state bought last year from the aristocratic Czartoryski family.
  4. The government says the session is among Poland’s top cultural events this year. It brings together 21 member states, more than 170 observer nations, and many on- governmental organizations.

KEYS:

  1. Abbreviation- UNESCO
  2. Formation- 16 November 1945[1]
  3. Type- Specialized agency
  4. Headquarters- Place de Fontenoy, Paris, France
  5. Membership- 195 member states
  6. Head- Irina Bokova
  7. Director-General of UNESCO

 

NATO military drills in Eastern Europe begin in Bulgaria

NATO military drills in Eastern Europe begin in Bulgaria

  1. In the Eastern Europe which is the state of the NATO that of the Bulgaria has involved the 25,000 militaries in the field of the home of the Eastern Europe 20 alliance and U.S. seeks to reassure NATO’s European allies on Wednesday.
  2. This Saber Guardian 17 battalion has been getting in the lead of the U.S. Army Europe and runs until July 20. The training of the soldiers of the 17 battalions has been held in the Hungary and Romania, in this, there is also the country’s Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base near the Black Sea. The opening ceremony was held at the Novo Selo military camp in southern Bulgaria.
  3. In the report of the officials has said that the smaller U.S. and European-national training has been taken in the Black Sea region this summer to support Saber Guardian’s objectives of “supporting security and stability in the Black Sea region.
  4. In the command of the U.S. European, it is said that the drills are designed as a deterrent. The U.S. has beefed up its presence in Eastern Europe since Russia annexed Ukraine’s Crimea Peninsula to reassure NATO’s East European members, which were formerly in Moscow’s sphere of influence.

KEYS:

  1. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between several North American and European states based on the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949
  2. Chairman of the NATO Military Committee: Petr Pavel
  3. Supreme Allied Commander Europe: Curtis Scaparrotti
  4. Headquarters: Brussels, Belgium
  5. Founded: 4 April 1949, Washington, D.C., United States
  6. Abbreviation: NATO, OTAN
  7. Founders: United States of America, France, Canada, Norway, Italy

 

Qatar Gets First Herd Of Cows in Response to Arab Blockade

  1. In the first time in the decades there is the sending of the cows in the Qatar to raise of the milk supplies for the five weeks in the neighboring state that is the Gulf states cut links with the emirate. Till now many of the cows that Holsteins has been flown in from Budapest, the first of 4,000 cattle to be imported by August.
  2. “We brought in 165 Holsteins, all highly bred Holsteins, especially for dairy. There are 35 milking cows, that are in milk at present and there’s 130 that will calve in the next two-to-three weeks,” said John Dore, a senior manager at Baladna Livestock Production.
  3. “Local supply covers between 10 and 15 percent at present” of Qatar’s needs, Dore told reporters at the farm, as the cows quietly munched on grass laid down next down to the large pens in which they are housed.
  4. “Before, most of the milk in Qatar was imported from Saudi Arabia and the UAE. At the moment the gap is being filled by Turkish imports, which is welcome for the present but the quality won’t compare with local produce,” said Dore.

KEYS:

  1. Qatar is a peninsular Arab country whose terrain comprises arid desert and a long Persian (Arab) Gulf shoreline of beaches and dunes
  2. Also on the coast is the capital, Doha, known for its futuristic skyscrapers and other ultramodern architecture inspired by ancient Islamic design, such as the limestone Museum of Islamic Art
  3. The museum sits on the city’s Corniche waterfront promenade
  4. Capital: Doha
  5. Currency: Qatari Riyal
  6. Destinations: Doha, Al Khor, Al Rayyan, Dukhan, Al Wakrah

BANKING & FINANCE

SBI waives charge on IMPS fund transfer of up to Rs 1,000

SBI waives charge on IMPS fund transfer of up to Rs 1,000

  1. The India’s largest bank state bank of India has announced the taking of the extra charge on the transfer of the amount up to the ₹1,000 by using its IMPS (Immediate Payment Service) to promote small transactions.
  2. The charges which will be applicable on this that will by the State Bank of India is the ₹5 and with the service tax also in that of the IMPS fund transfer of up to ₹1,000. IMPS is an instant interbank electronic fund transfer service by using the mobile banking and the Internet banking.
  3. “In order to promote small ticket size transactions, SBI has waived off IMPS charges for transfer up to ₹ 1,000,” the bank said at the time of the informing the funds and the charges of the IMPS transfer charges under the Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime.
  4. In the IMPS there are the charges that will be applied that is the ₹5 on the amount of the ₹1,000 to ₹1 lakh. This charge can be expanded till the ₹15 for transactions of ₹1-2 lakh. GST at the rate of 18 per cent is applicable on all financial transactions.

KEYS:

  1. State Bank of India is an Indian multinational, public sector banking and financial services company
  2. It is a government-owned corporation with its headquarters in Mumbai, Maharashtra
  3. Chairperson: Arundhati Bhattacharya
  4. Headquarters: Mumbai
  5. Founded: 1 July 1955
  6. Subsidiaries: SBI Cards, State Bank of Hyderabad, MORE
  7. Managing Directors: Shri B.Sriram (Corporate Banking Group),

 

YES BANK Launches ‘YES GST’ Program to Assist MSMEs

YES BANK Launches ‘YES GST’ Program to Assist MSMEs

  1. For the development of the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) for the tour of the new and facilitates of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) system, YES Bank along with YES Global Institute announced and installed the tailor-made program for MSMEs.
  2. Commenting on the initiative, Rana Kapoor, Managing Director and CEO, YES BANK said, “GST is the most significant economic reform since liberalization launched in 1991, and envisages ‘One Economic India’. MSMEs are the backbone of the economy and it is vital to ensure that they are GST prepared. At YES BANK, we realize the importance of actualizing this learning objective using our differentiated knowledge banking approach.”
  3. This bank is the on the rank of the fourth in the private sector bank in the country and it is spread in all the 29 states and 7 Union Territories of India, headquartered in the Lower Parel Innovation District (LPID) of Mumbai, is the outcome of the professional & entrepreneurial commitment of its Founder Rana Kapoor and its Top Management team, to establish a high quality, customer-centric, service-driven, private Indian Bank catering to the Future Businesses of India.

KEYS:

  1. YES BANK is India’s fourth largest private sector Bank, founded by Rana Kapoor and Late Ashok Kapur in 2004
  2. Yes Bank is the only Greenfield Bank license awarded by the RBI in the last two decades
  3. Headquarters: Mumbai
  4. CEO: Rana Kapoor (2004–)
  5. Founded: 2004
  6. Revenue: 235 billion INR (30 July 2015, US$3.5 billion)
  7. Founders: Rana Kapoor, Ashok Kapoor

 

Chhattisgarh govt to merge DCCBs with state cooperative bank

  1. The government of the Chhattisgarh has declared for the mix-up of the all the district cooperative central banks (DCCBs) that in the state in the one of the Cooperative Bank, this is doing for the facilitates the proper and new facility to the farmers, officials said.
  2. “This was a crucial and historic decision taken in the interest of the farmers,” Chief Minister Raman Singh said after the state cabinet approved the proposal today. The merger of DCCBs into a single entity would serve the farmers with better and efficient banking facilities, he added.
  3. “The decision of merger was a major banking reform in the state that would provide modern banking services to the farmers even in the rural areas,” Singh said, adding that the Automated Teller Machine (ATM) and mini ATM network would be expanded in the interior areas following the cooperative banking reform.
  4. This announcement can be in the changs of the DCCB to merge into the single state cooperative bank that will in the change of the new fiscal of the strong. After the merger, the working capital of the bank would increase to more than Rs 10 crore. This would help the farmers to get more loans from the banks.

KEYS:

  1. Chhattisgarh is a heavily forested state in central India known for its temples and waterfalls
  2. Near the capital Raipur, the town of Sirpur on the Mahanadi River is home to the red-brick Lakshmana (Laxman) Temple, decorated with carvings from Indian mythology
  3. In the south, the city of Jagdalpur hosts the Sanjay Market on Sundays, a bartering place for local tribes
  4. The huge Chitrakoot Falls lie to the northwest
  5. Formation: 1 November 2000†
  6. Districts: 27
  7. Capitals: Raipur, Bilaspur (Judiciary)
  8. Points of interest: Chitrakote Falls, Bhoramdeo Temple,

Science and Technology

NASA’s Juno mission has completed a close flyby of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

NASA’s Juno mission has completed a close flyby of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot

  1. NASA’s mission of the Juno has been completed the Jupiter’s red spot of the light successfully. NASA told in the statement of the officials that the all the instrument that is used that was the operational and that were very eminent, as was the craft’s JunoCam. Raw images of the gigantic storm, 1.3 times as wide as Earth, should be posted in the next few days, NASA said.
  2. “For generations, people from all over the world and all walks of life have marveled over the Great Red Spot,” Scott Bolton, Juno’s principal investigator, from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, said in the statement. “Now we are finally going to see what this storm looks like up close and personal.”
  3. “The main impression I have is the beauty of them,” Jared Espley, Juno program scientist at Nasa HQ in Washington, told the Guardian. “These are works of natural art.”
  4. “The other instruments are mostly focused on trying to understand what is happening underneath the clouds,” said Espley. “That is actually really neat here because that will particularly allow us to look and see what is underneath the great red spot.”

KEYS:

  1. Juno is a NASA space probe orbiting the planet, Jupiter
  2. It was built by Lockheed Martin and is operated by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory
  3. Max speed: 265,000 km/h
  4. Speed on orbit: 0.17 km/s
  5. Launch date: 5 August 2011
  6. Orbit height: 4,300 km
  7. Rocket: Atlas V (AV-029)
  8. Cost: 1.1 billion USD (2011)

 

Astronomers discover the smallest star known in our galaxy

  1. The team of the researchers has been searching for the many of the planets for the new discovery in the Wide Angle Search for Planets (WASP) survey, telescopes that look for minute dips in a star’s brightness that may indicate a planet is crossing in front of it.
  2. “That star likely represents the smallest natural fusion reactor that we know of,” Triaud said. “We’re trying to replicate fusion on Earth in labs, but that’s basically as small as it gets in nature.”
  3. It’s like trying to look at a candle beside a lighthouse. The team hopes this will shed some light on some of the most abundant stars in our universe.” Triaud said.
  4. Triaud said, “It shows how many different objects exist in the universe. Most of the stars have the mass less one-quarter that of the sun … although it’s a bit on the smaller range, it’s part of the smallest stars that exist, which are the most common stars that exist. And it’s odd that we know so little about the most common stars in the universe.”

KEYS:

  1. Abbreviation- WASP
  2. Purpose- Search for distant planets
  3. Region served- La Palma and Sutherland
  4. Membership- Eight universities

SPORTS

Vijay Goel Asks PCI to Submit Report in 10 Days In Para-Swimmer Case

Vijay Goel Asks PCI to Submit Report in 10 Days In Para Swimmer Case

  1. The new funds that have released by the government at the time of the para-athletes, Sports Minister Vijay Goel that is on Wednesday that has been mentioned in the Paralympic Committee of India on how para-swimmer Kanchanmala Pande was left to fend for herself without money in Berlin.
  2. “The Ministry through SAI released Rs. 3.21 Lakhs as 75 percent of dues as the advance payment to Para Olympic Committee of India (PCI) in time and arranged tickets etc. This amount was transferred to the account of PCI on 22nd June 2017. Since the amount was transferred to the account of PCI, the players should not have been put to any hardship. The Minister found this (incident) as very unfortunate and has ordered that a report from the PCI be sought in the matter within ten days.” the ministry said in a release.
  3. “We feel sad that this kind of incident had happened, it should not happen again. We regret that this incident had happened. We will seek a report from the team manager and find out how this had happened. So, we told the athletes not to take part in Berlin or go on their own and get reimbursed later. The team went on their own and I am hearing about this incident. We have asked for a report about what happened in Berlin from team leader Kamaljit Singh,” Gursharan told in the report.
  4. Gursharan said, “Taking part in an event on their own and getting compensated later is not happening for the first time. Kamaljit had taken some para-athletes in Australia earlier this year. They went there on their own funds and were compensated later. We will not encourage this kind of participation in future. We work for the wellbeing of our para-athletes. We do not wish this kind of incidents to happen in future.”

KEYS:

  1. The Pharmacy Council of India is the statutory body of government of India also called as central council constituted under the Pharmacy Act, 1948
  2. The Council was first constituted on 4 March 1948
  3. Founded: 4 March 1948
  4. Purpose: Pharmacy regulation
  5. Headquarters: New Delhi
  6. Agency executive: B. Suresh (President), Shailendra Saraf (Vice President)
  7. Parent agency: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare
  8. Type: Government Agency

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

Kevin Durant wins ESPY for Finals performance; Dak Prescott top breakthrough athlete

Kevin Durant wins ESPY for Finals performance; Dak Prescott top breakthrough athlete

  1. There is big and most memorizing moment has to get created by the Peyton Manning by telling the story of the sports as being the fan of the Jarrius Robertson, in that award show there were many of the happiness and the sadness also in the 25th ESPYS on Wednesday night in Los Angeles.
  2. “I’m just humbled to be on this stage in a room full of great athletes,” Westbrook said. “I’m just humbled and very thankful.” He led the league in scoring (31.6), was third in assists (10.4) and was 10th in rebounds (10.7) per game.
  3. Mentioning the gold-medal-winning U.S. women’s gymnastics team and joking, “Our gymnastics team was so dominant that Kevin Durant told me that he wants to play for them next year.”
  4. Curry said jokingly, “Right now we look like the most perfectly constructed 3-on-3 team. But we have 12 other guys who obviously helped us achieve this award. It was an unbelievable year. A lot of noise and hype around us in the beginning of the season, but we tried to keep our head down and focus on the process, and nine months later, we got another ‘chip.”

KEYS:

  1. Best Male Athlete, Russell Westbrook, NBA
  2. Best Female Athlete, Simone Biles, Olympic gymnast
  3. Best Breakthrough Athlete, Dak Prescott, NFL
  4. Best Championship Performance, Kevin Durant, NBA
  5. Best Record-Breaking Performance, Michael Phelps, Olympic Swimmer
  6. Best NFL Player, Aaron Rodgers, Green Bay Packers

OBITUARY

Jon Underwood, Founder of Death Cafe Movement, Dies at 44

Jon Underwood, Founder of Death Cafe Movement, Dies at 44

  1. The founder and the person who has established the Death Cafe that is the Jon Underwood, who has encouraged all the people of the country by discussing the pain of the life and future has been dying on June 27 at the age of 44. This news is given by the media on Wednesday.
  2. “You know you have a certain time left, and then the question is, What is important for me to do in that time?” Mr. Underwood said in a BBC interview in 2014. “That’s different for everyone, so talking about death, for me at least, is the ultimate prioritization exercise.”
  3. “There is a bizarre irony about dealing with the sudden death of my brother who devoted his life to raising our awareness about the fact [that] life is short and unpredictable,” Barsky wrote in an email to The Washington Post. “Whilst in some ways the irony is unimaginably horrible, in others, it is strangely helpful.”
  4. “Jon was uniquely and unusually aware that life is short and appreciated his life fully, reflecting on this through daily practice,” wrote Donna Molloy, Underwood’s widow, in a blog post shortly after his death.

IMPORTANT DAYS

Just for Laughs Comedy Festival – Montreal

Just for Laughs Comedy Festival - Montreal

  1. Just for Laughs is the festival of the comedy that is celebrated every year on July 14 in the Montreal, Quebec, Canada. It was firstly founded and celebrated in the year 1983 on July 14, This festival is the largest international comedy festival in the world.
  2. This comedy that is the Just for Laughs is established and found by the Gilbert Rozon as a two-day French language event.
  3. In the teh year 1985, Andy Nulman has joined as the member of the festival and created the English version of this comedy festival; under Nulman’s stewardship, the festival increased to a full month, with French-speaking performers during the first half, and English speakers in the second half.

KEYS:

  1. “Victor”, the Just for Laughs trademark mascot
  2. Genre- Comedy festival
  3. Location(s)- Montreal, Quebec
  4. Founded- July 14, 1983
  5. Founded by- Gilbert Rozon

 

Sandeep Kumar

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants. You may join me on Facebook

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