Current Affairs Today – July, 13th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

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Current Affairs Today – July, 13th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

INDIAN AFFAIRS

ESIC & DGFASLI sign MoU for collaboration on occupational health and prevention of occupational injuries and diseases

ESIC & DGFASLI sign MoU for collaboration on occupational health and prevention of occupational injuries and diseases

  1. In the presence of the, Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Labour & Employment, Shri Bandaru Dattatreya, in the coming month that is the August, has signed the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between ESIC and Directorate General Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) this will be for the change in the occupational health and prevention of occupational injuries and diseases, it is said by the report.
  2. This MoU will help to change the information regarding the healthy working conditions, reduce the danger of diseases or injuries and provide the good quality life for workers.
  3. The main of the signed of this MoU is the establishment of the ‘DGFASLI-ESIC Occupational Health Training, Research & Development Centre’ (OHTRDC) at Regional Labour Institute, Faridabad and also many of the other institutes located at Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Kanpur.

KEYS:

This establishment of the MoU is getting the aim of the improving the quality of life through joint scientific research following other activities:-

  1. Assessment of OSH challenges in all the spheres of economic activity.
  2. Special activities for prevention and control of Asbestosis, Silicosis and other occupational diseases.
  3. Development of training modules for different target groups.

 

 

Maharashtra launches free injectable contraceptive for women

Maharashtra launches free injectable contraceptive for women

  1. Medroxyprogesterone acetate which is also known as the MPA which change the hormones in the women for the avoid the pregnancy. At the day of the World Population Day on July 11, the government of Maharashtra has launched the pilot project making the dosages available to women for free of cost in government hospitals.
  2. “It is not a new concept and these dosages have been in the market for a long time now. In fact, many women already use it. It is economical and very effective but is not popular even with professionals,” said Dr. Susheela Rani, a Gynaecologist
  3. “It is very reasonable and very effective but there are setbacks. It should not be used in adolescent population because it can have an effect on the bones. Another major reason is that it causes irregular bleeding. There is uncertainty over periods,” Dr. Susheela added.
  4. “Our women are used to having a monthly period and look at it as a detoxification process. They do not feel good about not having regular periods. Another rare side effect of the contraceptive is that it may cause mild depression in few women but it is not common at all,” Dr. Susheela added.

KEYS:

  1. Maharashtra, a state spanning west-central India, is best known for its fast-paced capital, Mumbai (formerly Bombay)
  2. This sprawling metropolis is the seat of the Bollywood film industry
  3. It also has sites like the British Raj-era Gateway of India monument and cave temples at Elephanta Island
  4. To the south is the rustic, beach-lined Konkan Coast
  5. In the city of Pune, Aga Khan Palace is a memorial to Mahatma Gandhi
  6. Capital: Mumbai
  7. Colleges and Universities: Savitribai Phule Pune University, more

 

 

Odisha to set up international standard sports city

  1. In the sense of the promoted with the encouragement the 22nd Asian Athletics Championships (AAC) in the state, Odisha Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik has inaugurated for the international standard sports city here.
  2. “The proposed sports city would make us eligible to bid for most international competitions including Commonwealth and Asian Games,” said Naveen on the closing day of the 22nd Asian Athletics Championships here at Kalinga Stadium.
  3. In the sense of the infrastructure of the developed at the Kalinga Stadium for the current event in only 90 days, the chief minister said, “We have managed to extend the Asian Athletics Championships into a permanent facility that will nurture Indian athletes and Odisha athletes in particular.”
  4. The aim of this development is the provider of the best of the sports infrastructures in other parts of the state, Naveen also announced to set up four satellite stadiums with world class infrastructures in four other municipal corporations– Cuttack, Berhampur, Sambalpur, and Rourkela.

KEYS:

  1. Odisha (formerly Orissa), an eastern Indian state on the Bay of Bengal, is known for its tribal cultures and its many ancient Hindu temples
  2. The capital, Bhubaneswar, is home to hundreds of temples, notably the intricately-carved Mukteshvara
  3. The Lingaraj Temple complex, dating to the 11th century, is set around sacred Bindusagar Lake
  4. The Odisha State Museum is focused on the area’s history and environment
  5. Capital: Bhubaneswar
  6. Official song: Bande Utkala Janani
  7. Colleges and Universities: Utkal University, more

 

Committee formed to study legalities for separate State flag in Karnataka

  1. The has been declaring the five members of the state and in that, it has headed the Principal Secretary, Department of Kannada and Culture, to study and submit a report to the government on the possibility of “designing a separate flag for Karnataka and providing it a statutory standing.”
  2. The member which have included in this with the Secretaries to the Departments of Personnel and Administrative Services, Home, Law and Parliamentary Affairs, president of Kannada Sahitya Parishat, Chairman of Kannada Development Authority, vice-chancellor of Kannada University, Hampi, and Director of Department of Kannada and Culture.
  3. This committee will be represented by the journalist-writer and president of Karnataka Vidyavardhaka Sangha, Dharwad, Patil Puttappa, and social worker Bheemappa Gundappa Gadada to the government. They urged the government to design a separate flag for Kannada ‘naadu’ and accord statutory standing for that.
  4. Former Advocate-General of Karnataka Ravivarma Kumar said, “In Bommai’s case, the Supreme Court has declared that federalism is a basic feature of the Constitution and States are supreme in their sphere. This being the Constitutional position, there is no prohibition in the Constitution for the State to have its own flag. However, the manner in which the State flag is hoisted should not dishonor the national flag. It has to be always below the national flag”

KEYS:

  1. Karnataka is a state in southwest India with Arabian Sea coastlines
  2. The capital, Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore), is a high-tech hub known for its shopping and nightlife
  3. To the southwest, Mysore is home to lavish temples including Mysore Palace, former seat of the region’s maharajas
  4. Hampi, once the medieval Vijayanagara empire’s capital, contains ruins of Hindu temples, elephant stables, and a stone chariot
  5. Capital: Bengaluru (Executive Branch)
  6. Districts: 30
  7. Colleges and Universities: Visvesvaraya Technological University, more

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India to become largest milk producer in 2026 – OECD & FAO Report

India to become largest milk producer in 2026 – OECD & FAO Report

  1. India, has going to be the most projected country and developed country in the coming decades, and also will be the world’s largest milk producer by 2026 and will account for the biggest increase in wheat production globally, according to a report by the United Nations (UN) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
  2. The report by the UN and Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development said, “Over the course of the outlook period alone, milk production in India will grow 49 percent; in 2026, India will be the world’s largest milk producer, with an output one-third above that of the second largest producer, the European Union,”
  3. In the all over the world, India (15 Mt) will account for the biggest increase in production and Pakistan (6 Mt) and China (5.5 Mt) are also expected to have significant gains.
  4. Global production of wheat is projected to increase by 11 percent over the outlook period of 2017-2026, while the wheat area increases by only 1.8 percent.

KEYS:

  1. Abbreviation- OECD OCDE
  2. Formation- 1948 as the OEECa
  3. Reformed in- 1961 as the OECD
  4. Type- Intergovernmental Organization
  5. Headquarters- Paris, France
  6. Membership- 35 states
  7. Official languages- English French
  8. Secretary-General, José Ángel Gurría
  9. Deputy Secretary-General, Rintaro Tamaki
  10. Deputy Secretary-General, Mari Kiviniemi
  11. Deputy Secretary-General, Douglas Frantz

 

 

IS confirms leader al-Baghdadi is dead

  1. By the report of the media, it is get confirmed that the that ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi has been killed, as the terror group teeters on the brink of defeat in Iraq and prepares to make its final stand in the Syrian city of Raqqa.
  2. Rami Abdel Rahman, Director of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said, “(We have) confirmed information from leaders, including one of the first rank, in the Islamic State in the eastern countryside of Deir al-Zor. We learned of it today but we do not know when he died or how,”
  3. Iraqi news agency Al-Sumaria News said, “Daesh organization (IS) circulated a brief statement through its media in the (IS-held) town of Tal Afar in the west of Mosul, confirming the killing of its leader al-Baghdadi without giving further details,”
  4. “Daesh said that the name of a new Caliph (Islamic top leader) will be announced soon, calling on the (IS) militants to continue their steadfastness in the redoubts of the caliphate and not being dragged behind the sedition,” the report said.

KEYS:

  1. Iraq, officially known as the Republic of Iraq is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest, and Syria to the west
  2. Capital: Baghdad
  3. Currency: Iraqi Dinar
  4. President: Fuad Masum
  5. Points of interest: National Museum of Iraq, Ziggurat of Ur, more

 

 

Britain’s first Pregnant man gives birth to girl

Britain’s first pregnant man gives birth to girl

  1. A 21-year-old man named Hayden Cross has become the first in Britain to give birth after he put his sex transition on hold to get pregnant by a sperm donor. Hayden Cross, he has made the news all over the world earlier this year when he announced he was pregnant by a sperm donor, has given birth to a girl.
  2. Cross, from Gloucester, had said earlier, “I faced the prospect of not becoming the man I’m supposed to be, physically, or a dad. So I didn’t feel like I had any choice but to have a baby now then get back to transition.”
  3. “In September I got pregnant by a sperm donation. I found the donor on the internet. I looked on Facebook for a group and found one — it’s been shut down now. I didn’t have to pay,” Cross had said.
  4. Cross had said, “When I first said I was expecting I got loads of abuse, people that aren’t even in this country were sending me messages over the internet. I am not scared, I have to turn the other way and focus on bringing up my little girl. The people that write these things about me are cowards. What am I doing to hurt anyone?”

KEYS:

  1. Great Britain is an island separated from the European mainland by the English Channel and the North Sea
  2. It comprises the nations of England, Scotland, and Wales
  3. Its long history is evident in prehistoric sites such as Neolithic Stonehenge and medieval castles like those at Warwick, Dover, and Caernarfon
  4. Roman ruins include Hadrian’s Wall, which once divided Roman Britain from the northern Scottish Lowlands
  5. Population rank: 3rd
  6. Island group: British Isles
  7. Destinations: London, Edinburgh, Manchester, Liverpool, Glasgow, more

BANKING & FINANCE

36th Foundation Day of NABARD celebrated on July 11, 2017

36th Foundation Day of NABARD celebrated on July 11 2017

  1. On Tuesday the Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has said to the bank to set up them in the sectors of the other unorganized sector, stating that such efforts would help improve employment in the country.
  2. “The reality of India is that more people are in the unorganized sector than those in the organized sector. Banks should focus on the unorganized sector,” Jaitley said at a Nabard event to mark the silver jubilee of SHG-Bank Linkage program.
  3. The total spend of the life of the 25 years, the SHG-Bank linkage program has shown his growth in the massive presence of the 85 lakh SHGs across the country now part of this program. For the loan purpose in the exposure of the banking system to these self-help groups (SHGs) is about Rs. 61,000 crore.
  4. Harsh Kumar Bhanwala, Chairman, Nabard, said Nabard has embarked on the digitization of SHG accounts and already SHGs in 25 districts have been covered. Plans are afoot to expand this to 100 districts by end-March 2018.

KEYS:

  1. National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development is an apex development bank in India, headquartered at Mumbai with branches all over India
  2. Founded: 12 July 1982
  3. Headquarters: Mumbai
  4. Agency executive: Harsh Kumar Bhanwala (Chairman)
  5. Subsidiaries: Nabcons, Nabard Financial Services Limited, more

 

Axis Bank, IIC pact to boost trade with Latin America

Axis Bank, IIC pact to boost trade with Latin America

  1. Axis BankBSE -0.31 % has done the announcement of it will help traders boost relations between India and Latin America and the Caribbean in a collaboration with Inter- American Investment Corporation on Tuesday.
  2. “With increasing trade relations between the two and considering the potential for the overall economy, the collaboration aims to foster bilateral trade relations by allowing ease of transactions,” Axis Bank said in a statement.
  3. “By virtue of this collaboration, we will further strengthen our international trade relations in the region. We are looking at growing trade financing overseas and this is another step towards serving our customers internationally,” Axis Bank Group Executive, Corporate Banking, and Transaction Banking Sidharth Rath said.
  4. This project will facilitate the trade to the Latin America and the Caribbean in which Axis Bank will participate in the Trade Finance Facilitation Programme (TFFP) as a confirming bank.

KEYS:

  1. Axis Bank Ltd is the third largest of the private-sector banks in India offering a comprehensive suite of financial products
  2. The bank has its head office in Mumbai and Registered office in Ahmedabad
  3. CEO: Shikha Sharma
  4. Chairperson: Dr. Sanjiv Misra (Part Time)
  5. Headquarters: Mumbai
  6. Founded: 1990, Ahmedabad
  7. Subsidiaries: Axis Direct, A.Treds Limited, Axis Capital Limited, more

 

 

Five states, Puducherry to ink MoU with GeM

  1. On Tuesday, Six States that are of the Union Territories (UT) has been accepted the Centre’s Government e-Marketplace (GeM) initiative. By this there will be the procedure of the increment of the goods and services in India worth over ₹5 lakh crore is get stored by the online store in the whole year. The six states are the Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Gujarat, Telangana, Puducherry and Arunachal Pradesh that will adopt the GeM.
  2. Speaking at the ‘National Consultative Workshop on GeM’, Ms. Sitharaman said, “These states in the spirit of cooperative federalism have adopted GeM, similar to what all the states — as ‘Team India’ — did in the case of the Goods and Services Tax regime. By joining the GeM initiative, the states have supported transparency in public procurement.”
  3. GeM CEO S Radha Chauhan told in the report of the media: “With GeM, we have been able to reduce payment time to 10 days to vendors and also expedited government procurement from 3-4 months to few days. We are holding two days’ workshop to involve more people on GeM including MSMEs”.
  4. The government has placed the e-marketplace SPV and DGS&D under the commerce ministry in association with National eGovernance Division is organizing a national consultative workshop for the government buyers and sellers on GeM.

KEYS:

  1. Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, is a Union territory of India. It was formed out of four enclaves of former French India, namely Pondichéry, Karikal, Mahé, and Yangon. It is named after the largest district, Puducherry
  2. Districts: 4
  3. Languages: Tamil language, Telugu language, Malayalam
  4. Colleges and Universities: Pondicherry University, more

Science and Technology

Vaccine shows protection against gonorrhea for the first time

Vaccine shows protection against gonorrhea for first time

  1. There is the first time of the invented to protect the disease by the sexually transmitted infection gonorrhea; it is announced by the scientists of the New Zealand. Day by day the fear of the gonorrhea is becoming spreading and all the antibiotics getting fail.
  2. In the research that has been conducted in the New Zealand, it is get found that the gonorrhea rate among teens and young adults there who had received a meningitis B vaccine during an emergency campaign in the early 2000s was significantly lower than the rate seen in people of the same age who weren’t vaccinated.
  3. “Mathematical modeling has shown that even a vaccine of moderate efficacy and duration could have a substantial effect on the transmission and prevalence of gonorrhea, if coverage in the population is high and protection lasts during the highest risk period,” Kate Seib, of Australia’s Institute for Glycomics
  4. “While it is still very early days, these findings represent a positive step in the search for a vaccine against this common and distressing disease that is increasingly resistant to antibiotic treatment,” said Robin Gaitens, a spokeswoman for GSK,

KEYS:

  1. More than 10 million cases per year (India)
  2. Spreads by sexual contact
  3. Treatable by a medical professional
  4. Short-term: resolves within days to weeks
  5. Requires a medical diagnosis
  6. Lab tests or imaging always required
  7. Regular screening can help detect instances when an infection is present despite having no symptoms
  8. Symptoms include painful urination and abnormal discharge from the penis or vagina
  9. Men may experience testicular pain and women may experience pain in the lower stomach
  10. In some cases, gonorrhea has no symptoms
  11. Gonorrhea can be treated with antibiotics

 

Astronauts Are Going to Fill Outer Space with All Kinds of Weird Fungus

  1. NASA is doing many of the hard efforts to clean the space. The Office of Planetary Protection, in the example we can understand that we can protect the Earth from potential life on other planets but they also have to protect other planets from us.
  2. “We carry more microbes than human cells,” study author Dr. Kasthuri Venkateswaran from the Planetary Protection Group at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory told Gizmodo. “We need to take care of what’s being transported to other places.”
  3. The four “astronauts” took residence in a 40 by 33 by 8-foot habitat in North Dakota which contains a kitchen, lab, toilet, and bedroom. Missions inside last up to thirty days, during which the only things brought in from the outside world are humans and filtered air.
  4. Venkateswaran told the reporters in the media, “We need to develop strategies to measure the pathogenic and problematic fungi.”

KEYS:

  1. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in La Cañada Flintridge, California and Pasadena, California, United States
  2. Director: Michael M. Watkins
  3. Founders: Jack Parsons, Qian Xuesen, Theodore von Kármán, Frank Malina, Apollo M. O. Smith, Edward S. Forman, Weld Arnold

SPORTS

Ravi Shastri named India coach: Comparing BCCI’s selection process to the corporate world

Ravi Shastri named India coach: Comparing BCCI's selection process to the corporate world

  1. BCCI has appointed India’s former captain Ravi Shastri as the new head coach of the Indian men’s cricket team till the 2019 World Cup, it gets to know by the reports of the media. Shastri’s will firstly take the project to go off to the Sri Lanka featuring three Tests, five ODIs, and a one-off T20 International starting July 26.
  2. “Shastri has been the team director in the past, and brings with him a wealth of experience, both as the player and as the coach,” said board’s acting Secretary Amitabh Choudhary.
  3. “Zaheer is a contemporary cricketer who assumed the mentoring role to a young fast bowling unit even during his playing days with India. His inputs and wisdom will be of immense value to our young fast bowlers, who have shown tremendous potential in the last couple of years. And, as the Indian team is to play plenty of Test cricket overseas in the next two years, Rahul Dravid’s expertise as batting consultant will be immensely helpful for youngsters,” he added.
  4. BCCI also said that the Cricket Advisory Committee (CAC) of Sachin Tendulkar, Sourav Ganguly, and VVS Laxman, who conducted the interviews, recommended these appointments in the “best interest” of Indian cricket.

KEYS:

  1. Ravishankar Jayadritha Shastri is an Indian cricket commentator, former player and current head coach of the Indian national cricket team
  2. As a player, he played for the India national cricket team between 1981 and 1992 in both Tests and ODIs
  3. Born: 27 May 1962 (age 55), Mumbai
  4. Parents: Lakshmi Shastri, M. Jayadratha Shastri
  5. Awards: Arjuna Award for Cricket, ITA Award for Best Anchor Commentator – Sports

 

Eight-year ban for Tsotsobe after breaking Anti-Corruption Code

  1. On Tuesday, the Cricket South Africa (CSA) has got in the out on the field to the eight-year ban on Lonwabo Tsotsobe, who has been caught during the fix of the matches in the 2015-16 domestic T20 Ram Slam tournament.
  2. According to CSA’s Chief Executive, Haroon Lorgat, “Whilst no fix actually took place, it is clear that he was active in plans to participate in spot-fixing and hence the sanction imposed on him.”
  3. Talking about the ban and the investigation, Tsotsobe said, “I wish to apologize to cricket lovers all over the world. I was, at the time, in a very vulnerable financial state and this dilemma too easily persuaded me to participate in spot-fixing. There are no words to describe the regret I have in relation to my actions and I hope that the cricket world could consider my apology and understand my deepest feeling of remorse.”
  4. Tsotsobe has also bowled for South Africa in the 2009 ICC Champions Trophy, the 2012 ICC World T20, the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy and the 2014 ICC World T20.

KEYS:

  1. The South African national cricket team, nicknamed the Proteas, represents South Africa in international cricket
  2. It is administered by Cricket South Africa
  3. Coach: Russell Domingo (Head coach)
  4. Arena/Stadium: Moses Mabhida Stadium
  5. Location: South Africa
  6. Captains: AB de Villiers, Faf du Plessis

AWARDS & RECOGNITION

IROAF sets gold standards by winning Golden Peacock Award for Eco-Innovation for the year 2017

IROAF sets gold standards by winning Golden Peacock Award for Eco Innovation for year 2017

  1. Indian Railways has achieved the more of the achievement in the side of the Eco-friendly fuel technologies at Indian Railways Organization for Alternate Fuel (IROAF), this has been awarded as the level of the National level “Golden Peacock Award for the Year 2017 for Eco-Innovation” for substitution of fossil fuels (Diesel) by environment friendly CNG in DEMU passenger train services.
  2. CNG will be used in the in Train Sets for passenger transportation that will be the first time in the world. The CNG based dual fuel 1400 HP engine used in DEMU trains developed by IROAF has successfully substituted diesel fuel with CNG up to 20%.
  3. This project that is going to start in the recent that will reduce the many of the NOx by 16%, CO2 by 6% and Particulate Matter by 18% besides achieving economy in fuel cost by 8%. In the major aspects, 19 Engines of DEMUs have been successfully converted into CNG based dual fuel engines with this technology.
  4. By the present technology in the country, there is the 20% substitution of diesel by CNG, has potential to save up to Rs. 1360 crores annually if implemented over the entire fleet of Diesel Locomotives of Indian Railways. This technology is an improved technology of 40% substitution is at present being developed by IROAF.

KEYS:

  1. Indian Railways is a state-owned railway company, responsible for rail transport in India
  2. It is owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways
  3. Customer service: 139
  4. Headquarters: New Delhi
  5. Number of employees: 1,400,000
  6. Founded: 16 April 1853
  7. Divisions: 17 Railways Zones
  8. Subsidiaries: Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation, more

OBITUARY

‘The Indian Fighter’ Actress Elsa Martinelli Dead At 82

‘The Indian Fighter’ Actress Elsa Martinelli Dead At 82

  1. Elsa Martinelli, Italian actress who has played the negative character in the Kirk Douglas in the 1955 Western “The Indian Fighter” and by that she has got the international fame in all over the world working with such directors as Mario Monicelli, Roger Vadim, Orson Welles, Howard Hawks, and Elio Petri, has died on Saturday in Rome at the age of 82 years.
  2. Martinelli went on to alternating roles in European and U.S. productions, working with Monicelli in “Donatella” (1956); with Vadim, opposite Mel Ferrer, in “Blood and Roses” (1960); with Hawks in “Hatari!” (1962); with Welles in Kafka adaptation “The Trial” (1962); and with Petri in campy social satire “The 10th Victim” alongside Marcello Mastroianni and Ursula Andress (1965).
  3. By the report, it is said, “Sex in the person of Elsa Martinelli, Italian actress introduced here, and the relationship of her Indian maid character with Douglas is a story factor and ballyhoo point,”
  4. “There was a shot of an Italian girl — long dark hair, dark eyes — coming out of the water soaking wet, a man’s shirt clinging to her voluptuous body,” Mr. Douglas wrote in his autobiography “The Ragman’s Son” (1988). “Anne said, ‘This girl would make a fantastic Indian.’ She did look terrific.” He tracked her down in New York, but when he spoke to her by telephone she was skeptical that it was Mr. Douglas calling until he sang a song from his film “20,000 Leagues under the Sea.”

IMPORTANT DAYS

Pori Festival – Himachal Pradesh

Pori Festival - Himachal Pradesh

  1. In every year in the month of the July, the Pori Festival is celebrated in Himachal Pradesh with much fanfare. This festival is the evidence of the enjoyment of the life humdrum of daily life. The locals of the Himachal take part in this festival to celebrate life, color, and happiness.
  2. In the months of July and August, this amazing and beauty of the festival is celebrated in the Lahaul valley in Himachal Pradesh. In this festival there is the fare is the biggest part of this festival during this time where visitors from various parts of the country gather together and indulge in various activities.
  3. In the whole celebration of the festival, there are the holds of the horse is taken with the decoration of that. In this the bath of the horse takes place in the sweet water, garlanded and decorated.

 

 

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