Current Affairs Today – December, 11th, 2017 | Latest News and Updates

INDIAN AFFAIRS

Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 held in Hyderabad, India

Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 held in Hyderabad, India

  1. Global Entrepreneurship Summit 2017 has been held at the Hyderabad between November 28 and November 30.
  2. This year’s Summit has been put the theme on the aim of the Women First, Prosperity for All, and focuses on supporting women entrepreneurs and fostering economic growth globally.
  3. S. President Donald Trump’s daughter and Presidential advisor Ivanka Trump led the U.S. delegation to the Summit.

 

Eastern Railways presses first Swarna Rajdhani rake

Eastern Railways presses first Swarna Rajdhani rake

  1. The Eastern Railways has started the India’s first Swarna Rajdhani rake. Indian Railways has been taken the decision to upgrade the Premium Rajdhani and Shatabdi trains under Project ‘Swarna’. Zonal Railways has been given the helping hand for the development in the way of aesthetic and passenger friendly coach interiors on running rakes for the develop of the new standards in passengers comfort. A target budget of Rs. 50 lakh per rake was allowed for this purpose.
  2. The Eastern Railway has been taken the establishment of the some of the event like the, ergonomic and user friendly. Features were introduced on three pilot coaches in service to gather passenger feedback and assess journey worthiness.
  3. The few new features are: complete interior painting to an aesthetic International colour scheme and LED lighting to improve illumination, better hygiene by providing ‘auto janitor’ system in toilets, night signage for easy identifications of berth numbers for enroute entraining passengers, built in ladders for First AC passengers for easy access to upper berth, CCTV cameras in doorway area and aisles to monitor any suspect activity with data storage.
  4. The added features in toilets are: vinyl wrapping of toilet doors for improved aesthetics, poxy coating, provisioning of extra mats to improve hygienic standards and to give a dry toilet to the passengers with improved cleanliness, and polished commodes and basins to make them odour free in every trip.

KEYS:

  1. Indian Railways is a state-owned national transportation system, and is responsible for rail transport in India
  2. It is owned and operated by the Government of India through the Ministry of Railways
  3. Customer service: 139
  4. Number of employees: 13,31,000
  5. Headquarters: New Delhi
  6. Revenue: 1.683 trillion INR (US$25 billion, 2015–2016)
  7. Subsidiaries: Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation, MORE
  8. Did you know: India has the fourth-longest rail transport network (66,687 km) in the world. wikipedia.org

 

India, Singapore ink major pact on marine security

  1. In the term of the done summit of the bilateral maritime security and defence ties, India and Singapore on Wednesday has signed an agreement which acquires significance amid China’s increasing military manoeuvres in the Indo-Pacific region.
  2. “India and Singapore remain strongly committed to tackle the transnational security threats,” Ms Sitharaman said at a joint media interaction with Mr Ng.
  3. “We want to see more participation, cooperation and activity in both the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea,” said Dr Ng, adding that it was crucial to join forces against terrorism, chemical, biological and radiological threats.
  4. Sitharaman, in turn, said the two countries had decided to expand overall defence ties and were “strongly committed” to boosting cooperation in tackling transnational security threats, especially terrorism.
  5. Calling the talks “overwhelmingly successful and productive”, the Singaporean defence minister emphasised the need for concerted regional and global efforts to deal with terrorism and other challenges such as tackling chemical and biological weapons.

 

INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS

India loses billions to air pollution and has highest share of welfare costs

India loses billions to air pollution and has highest share of welfare costs

  1. India had the one of the top position in the share of the cost in the less of the labour cost, of about $220 billion (about ₹1.4 trillion), in South and South-East Asia in that there has been the combination of the $380 billion from mortality due to air pollution, according to a report by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  2. “If consumption and production patterns continue as they are, the linear economic model of ‘take-make-dispose’ will seriously burden an already-polluted planet, affecting current and future generations,” the report’s foreword concludes.
  3. “Pollution is a universal challenge [but] the good news is that we already know what we need to do to prevent and reduce it,” UNEP Executive Director Erik Solheim said in a statement, stressing that “now the responsibility is on governments, businesses, cities and local authorities, civil society and individuals around the world to commit to act to beat pollution in all its forms.”
  4. Although certain forms of pollution have been reduced as “technologies and management strategies have advanced,” approximately 19 million premature deaths are estimated to occur annually as a result of the way societies use natural resources and impact the environment to support production and consumption, it notes.

 

Russia to create ‘independent internet’ for BRICS nations

Russia to create ‘independent internet’ for BRICS nations

  1. The Russian Security Council has said to the Russian government for the build the separate infrastructure for BRICS countries’ internet needs while still being linked to the World Wide Web that has been claimed for the given services in the event of a global internet infrastructure collapse.
  2. Members of Russia’s Security Council, the country’s top national security body, claimed that “the increased capabilities of western nations to conduct offensive operations in the informational space as well as the increased readiness to exercise these capabilities pose a serious threat to Russia’s security.”
  3. “Russia’s disconnection from the global internet is of course out of the question,” Peskov told Interfax news agency. However, the official also said that “recently, a fair share of unpredictability is present in the actions of our partners both in the US and the EU, and we [Russia] must be prepared for any turn of events.”
  4. “We all know who the chief administrator of the global internet is. And due to its volatility, we have to think about how to ensure our national security,” said Peskov referring to the United States. He noted that the intention of the Russian government is not to ‘unplug’ Russia from the global internet but “protecting it from possible external influence.”

 

Inter-Governmental Meeting of Asia and Pacific Decade for Persons with Disabilities held in China

  1. Chinese State Councilor Wang Yong has been given the congratulation letter from the Chinese President Xi Jinping at the opening ceremony of the High-level Intergovernmental Meeting on the Midpoint Review of the Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities (2013-2022), in Beijing, capital of China, Nov. 30, 2017.
  2. The Meeting will comprise two segments: (a) a senior officials segment, to be held from 27 to 29 November 2017; and (b) a ministerial segment, to be held on 30 November and 1 December 2017.
  3. The Meeting is to be held in pursuance of the Commission resolution 69/13 of 1 May 2013 on the “Implementation of the Ministerial Declaration on the Asian and Pacific Decade of Persons with Disabilities, 2013-2022, and the Incheon Strategy to ‘Make the Right Real’ for Persons with Disabilities in Asia and the Pacific”.

 

BANKING AND FINANCE

RBI asks cooperative societies not to use word ‘Bank’ in names

RBI asks cooperative societies not to use word ‘Bank’ in names

  1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on Wednesday has given the notice of caution to many of the co-operative societies against the use of word “Bank” in their names.
  2. “It has come to the notice of RBI that some Co-operative Societies are using the word – Bank – in their names. This is a violation of Banking Regulation Act, 1949 (As Applicable to Co-operative Societies),” the central bank said in a statement.
  3. It also said that there has been many of the bank has been comes with the some co-operative societies are accepting deposits from non-members or nominal members or associate members which tantamount to conducting banking business in violation of the provisions of the 1949 law, stressing such societies have neither been issued any licence under the act nor are they authorised by the RBI to undertake banking business.
  4. The RBI also advised the public to “exercise caution and carry out due diligence of such co-operative societies before dealing with them”.

 

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India upholds net neutrality

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India upholds net neutrality

  1. The idea that is of the free internet and browser, Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (Trai) upheld net neutrality in its recommendations on Tuesday. The telecom regulator had earlier issued a consultation paper for over-the-top service.
  2. Sharma said, “Internet is an important platform for the country, especially in the context of innovation, startups, online transactions, various government applications, and the Digital India programme.” “So, it is important that the platform is kept open and free and not cannibalised,” Sharma said.
  3. “We have 500 million net subscribers and 1.3 billion population… big things will happen on Internet and it is important to keep it open,” Sharma stressed.
  4. “Networks should not prefer one content over other… should not block or offer fast lane (to certain content),” Sharma emphasised.
  5. In its recommendations on principle of non-discriminatory treatment, Trai said, “A Licensee providing Internet Access Service shall not engage in any discriminatory treatment of content, including based on the sender or receiver, the protocols being used or the user equipment.”
  6. “The Licensee is prohibited from entering into any arrangement, agreement or contract, by whatever name called, with any person, natural or legal, that has the effect of discriminatory treatment of content,” it added.
  7. Bringing Internet of things (IoT) under net neutrality, Trai said, “IoT as a class of services, are not excluded from the scope of the restrictions on non-discriminatory treatment. However, critical IoT services, which may be identified by DoT, and which specify the definition of specialised services, would be automatically excluded.”
  8. “The licensing terms should be amplified to provide explicit restrictions on any sort of discrimination in Internet access based on the content being assessed, the protocols being used or the user equipment being deployed. Content would include all content, application, services and any other data, including its end-point information, that can be accessed or transmitted over the internet,” said the regulator.
  9. “The discriminatory treatment in the context of treatment of content would include any form of discrimination, restriction or interference in the treatment of content, including practices like blocking, degrading, slowing down or granting preferential speeds or treatment to any content.”
  10. “The service providers should be restricted from entering into any arrangement, agreement or contract, by whatever name called, with any person, natural or legal, that has the effect of discriminatory treatment based on content, sender or receiver, protocols, or user equipment.”
  11. “Specialised service i.e services other than Internet Access Services which are optimised for specific content, protocols or user equipment, and where the optimisation is necessary in order to meet specific quality of service requirements shall be exempted from the principles of discriminatory treatment,” said the regulator.
  12. “The Internet Access Service Providers may take reasonable measurement for traffic management, provided the same are proportionate, transient and transparent. They may also take reasonable measures to preserve integrity and security of network, for provision of Emergency Services, implementation of an order of the court or direction of the Government, or in pursuance of an international treaty.”

 

India-Lesotho Bilateral Ties: India donates 500 metric tonnes of rice to Lesotho

  1. India has on Wednesday donted the 500 metric tonnes of rice to the Kingdom of Lesotho, in Southern Africa, which is facing acute food shortage due to famine.
  2. “(This) gift (of rice) is a manifestation of the concern of the people of India for the people of Lesotho and their desire to help their brothers and sisters mitigate the devastating effects of food shortages caused by famine and other acts of nature,” Kamboj said during her address.
  3. “The Centre will be a significant marker of the India- Lesotho friendship, imparting, as it will, much needed critical training skills to youth, leading to more inclusive growth and development,” Kamboj said.
  4. Relations between India and Lesotho has been set by the change of the visit reasion between the two countries at the political and official levels as well as a growing economic partnership bolstered by people-to-people exchanges through cultural exchange programmes, education and training to provide a firm foundation to the relationship.

Science and Technology

Planet Labs to launch 4 satellites on board PSLV-C40

Planet Labs to launch 4 satellites on board PSLV-C40

  1. Planet Labs Inc, a US-based integrated aerospace and data analytics company, has announced that its four Dove satellites will be launched aboard Indias PSLV-C40 mission, scheduled to fly in January next year.
  2. “The four Dove satellites on the upcoming launch are tech demos responsible for testing improvements to several of the satellite subsystems, including camera technology, thermal control, and altitude determination & control system,” Planet said in a statement.
  3. “Weve been very pleased with our working relationship with Antrix Corporation Limited (Antrix), the commercial arm of ISRO. When Planet proposed to send a record-breaking 88 satellites to orbit on a single launch, they accepted the challenge without hesitation, and they delivered,” said Karthik Govindhasamy, chief technology officer and executive vice president of engineering at Planet.
  4. “We have a rich history with Planet and we are proud to be a reliable launch partner that they can count on for consistent and timely launches,” Rakesh S, chairman and managing director, Antrix, was quoted as saying in the statement.
  5. “The Planets appetite for launch capacity is impressive and were excited that the PSLV continues to meet their needs,” he said.

KEYS:

  1. Planet Labs, Inc. is an American private Earth imaging company based in San Francisco, CA
  2. The company designs and manufactures Triple-CubeSat miniature satellites called Doves that are then delivered
  3. Founded: 29 December 2010
  4. Headquarters: San Francisco, California, United States
  5. Number of locations: 4 offices (USA, Germany, Netherlands, Canada)
  6. Founders: Robbie Schingler, Will Marshall, Chris Boshuizen
  7. Type of business: Privately held company

SPORTS

France beat Belgium to claim its 10th Davis Cup (tennis)

France beat Belgium to claim its 10th Davis Cup (tennis)

  1. This host has been starting from the Sunday’s final day 2-1 up in the best-of-five tie, but David Goffin levelled for Belgium by beating Jo-Wilfried Tsonga 7-6 (7-5) 6-3 6-2.
  2. “When Jo lost I was crazy in my head and I was like ‘go on, play your game, try to beat him’. This is a feeling from another world,” Pouille said.
  3. “There are no words needed, just look at the atmosphere and hear the emotion right now.”I am so proud of my team, we really wanted this trophy. After 16 years, we finally got it, I’m very happy.” He added: “I am so happy for this group, when you don’t win for 16 years there are a lot of things to take care of.
  4. “We were just trying to play like a team. Even though we have a number one with Jo, to have Lucas playing the final game at home and winning us the Davis Cup, it was so beautiful. “This is when his career is really going to start, he was fantastic.”
France Belgium
18 (won 10, lost eight) Finals Three (won none, lost three)
Yannick Noah Captain Johan Van Herck
Jo-Wilfried Tsonga (15) Players (world ranking) David Goffin (7)
Lucas Pouille (18) Steve Darcis (76)
Richard Gasquet (31) Ruben Bemelmans (118)
Pierre-Hugues Herbert (81) Joris de Loore (276)

 

 

OBITUARY

Egyptian actress and singer Shadia passed away

Egyptian actress and singer Shadia passed away

  1. Shadia, an Egyptian actress and singer who was famous in the Arab audiences for decades, died on Tuesday at the age of 80 years.
  2. “Shadia is a top-quality actress who managed to give the prose of my novels body, blood and a distinctive form,” he once said about her roles as a rebellious woman in “Midaq Alley” (1963) and a prostitute in “The Thief and the Dogs” (1962).
  3. “I don’t want to wait until the limelight slowly, slowly moves away from me,” she told an interviewer on her retirement. “I don’t want to play the roles of old mothers in movies after people grew accustomed to seeing me as the young woman in a lead role. I just don’t like people to see lines on my face.”

 

 

Sandeep Kumar

Hi Guys, I am Sandeep Co-founder of IASpaper and UPSCToday Staying in Mumbai (India) and pursuing graduation in Computer Science and Engineering from Mumbai University. I love helping Aspirants. You may join me on Facebook

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