April 14th, 2017, Current Affairs
Forces in AFSPA areas must get immunity, government tells Supreme Court
- On Wednesday the Centre has made a forceful case for dilution of the Supreme Court’s earlier Judgment for making registration of FIRs mandatory for encounter deaths during armed forces operation insurgency, even in distributed areas under Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA).
- Under AFSPA, the SC had negated the protection against prosecution granted to the armed forces, in an order on July 8, 2016.
- “You cannot expand this petition to make the court deal with it again on merit” this is told by a bench headed by Chief justice J S Khehar to AG.
- The AFSPA, enforced in disturbed areas of some north-eastern states and Jammu and Kashmir, provides immunity to Army men from an inquiry by police for alleged deaths and excesses caused during operations against insurgents and militants.
- AFSPA is acts of the parliament of India that give special powers to the Indian Armed Forces.
- According to The Disturbed Areas Act, 1976 once declared ‘disturbed’, the area has to maintain status quo for a minimum of 3 months.
NITI’s new 3-year strategic paper: How different is it from a 5-year plan?
- The new 3 years strategic paper of NITI Aayog, which form parts of 15-year vision document, the five year plan which replaced by Seven-year national development agenda would be conceptually different from the earlier document.
- The official said that “following the expiry of the five-year plan, there is no development strategy in the country, and the action plan is expected to be discussed and cleared in the governing council meeting. Along with that, a review of first three years of the NDA government is also on the meeting’s agenda.”
- On march 31 the twelfth five-year plan has ended, and there was no replacement for the country’s development strategy so far, to discuss a three-year action plan prepared by Centre’s think-tank expected to meet within a fortnight, the NITI Aayog governing headed to Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- Three sub-groups were formed to involve states on issues such as rationalisation of centrally sponsored schemes, skill development, and the Swachh Bharat Mission in its early meeting.
- NITI formed – 1 Jan, 2015; 2 years ago
- Headquarters – New Delhi
- Agency – Narendra Modi, chairman
Nearly 400 farmers in Maharashtra committed suicide in January this year, says report
- According to a government report cited by CNN-News 18, in January this year in Maharashtra, nearly 400 farmers committed suicide.
- 1,982 farmers committed suicide in the state in 2014, 3,228 and 3,052 in 2016, according to the report.
- To draw an attention of state government for their problems, the farmers of Maharashtra are planning to strike on 1 July.
- The Devendra Fadnavis government has also been facing a lot of criticism from Opposition parties and its ally Shiv Sena, which have been demanding farm loan waivers for distressed farmers.
- Fadnavis has said that the government “will study how Uttar Pradesh will raise such a huge amount” and “decision of waiving farm loan is the prerogative of the government.”
- Occupation Type of Farmer – Employment
- The Farmer usually applies to people who do some combination of raising field crops, orchards, vineyards, poultry, or other livestock.
Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill: In a safer lane
- To toughen and improve road safety practices in India promises by the Motor Vehicles Bill. Experts believe that while the bill is a move in the right direction to update laws set in 1988, the biggest challenge will be its enforcement.
- He says that “It doesn’t matter if the bill passes or what it includes as long as there is no enforcement. For example, if you look at cities like Chandigarh, the drink driving law based on the provisions of the 1988 Act is quite strictly enforced and that acts as a deterrent. We work along the highways and in the rural areas and have observed that there is no enforcement in these places.”
- Status Report on road safety 2015 by the world Health Organization, which evaluates the existing traffic regulation in countries and how well they have are enforced, India given a low overall rating for this.
- In India there are many road accidents is going and these lead to the death of people. In 2015 alone, 5,01,423 road accident occurred and in it 1,46,133 people died.
In abrupt shift, Donald Trump warms to China and NATO, sours on Russia
- The reversals on Russia and NATO could reassure US allies in Europe but his talk of “bonding” with China could sow confusion in Asia, where US allies are fearful of a rising China.
- In office after less than 3 months, President Donald Trump has abruptly shifted his stance on an array of foreign policy issues from the US relationship with Russia and China to the value of the NATO alliance.
- Trump has faced a difficult discussion on trade, on ahead of that visit. On Wednesday when trump told the Wall Street journal in an interview that he would not declare China currency manipulator as he pledge to do on his first day in office than the improving ties with Beijing has underscored.
- On January, Trump a former real estate developer took a place, as a government novice whose foreign policy mantra has the vow to keep that America safe and build up the US military.
- Capital – Moscow
- President – Vladimir Putin
- Currency – Russian ruble
Nobel Peace laureate Malala Yousafzai becomes an honorary Canadian citizen:
- On Wednesday Malala Yousafzai became only the sixth person to receive honorary Canadian citizenship.
- Yousafzai is the youngest person to speak to Canadian members of parliament and Senators in a joint session, at just the age of 19.
- On October 2012 a Taliban gunman shot her in ahead after this she leaped to global fame, for defending her right to attend school.
- Malala said that “There are more than 130 million girls that do not have access to education.” “I am here to speak on their behalf and to say if you are living in this modern world where we see improvements in technology, we should not be seeing children out of school.”
- Capital of Canada – Ottawa
- Prime minister – Justin Trudeau
- Currency – Canadian dollar
India trade deal may not be possible as offers made not adequate, says Australia PM
- On Thursday Malcolm Turnbull the Australian prime minister said that it might not be possible to reach a free trade deal with New Delhi, and Modi the Prime Minister of India attempt to revive a talk.
- Earlier this week Turnbull visited India, meeting with politicians and with business hoping of furthering talk about striking a free a trade deal between the two nations.
- On Thursday Turnbull returned to Canberra flowing his Visit to Mumbai and New Delhi, told the Australian broadcasting Corporation that, at this point in time, it is not viable a free trade agreement.
- Turnbull said that “It may be that the conclusion will be reached that the parties are too far apart to enable a deal to be reached at this time.”
Pakistan’s blasphemy laws lead to US advising against travel to the country
- The Continual enforcement of Pakistan government blasphemy law is one among many reasons cited by the US today warn its Citizen to travel to Pakistan.
- In fact, US aviation authorities to have issued an advisory to its airmen.
- The US said that the terrorist is targeted the Americans.
- The evidence about targeted terrorist attacks also on NGO employees and humanitarian and aid works, the advisory said it.
- The advisory added that “Targeted attacks against government officials, humanitarian and non-governmental organization (NGO) employees, tribal elders, and law enforcement personnel are common. Throughout Pakistan, foreign and indigenous terrorist groups continue to pose a danger to U.S. citizens.”
Banking and Finance
India’s GDP Growth May Slip To 6.7% in March Quarter: Nomura
1. On February India’s industrial output slipped to a 4-month low, contracting by 1.2 per cent.
2. On March, the report says that India’s GDP growth is likely to decelerate to 6.7% quarter but it will go to recover to around 7.7% in 2018 supported by higher consumption and public sending.
3. According to the Japanese financial services major Nomura, the country’s GDP growth is expected to dip to 6.7 per cent in the January- March quarter from 7 per cent in the fourth quarter of 2016.
4. On Wednesday the data released revealed that an Index of Industrial Production declined by 1.2% in February. In February last year, it was raised by 1.9%.
· GDP of India – $2.25 trillion (nominal; 2016), $8.72 trillion (PPP; 2016)
· GDP rank – 6th (nominal) 3rd (PPP)
IDFC Alternatives eyes First Solar’s assets in India for $200 million:
1. IDFC alternatives are forwarding to buy First solar’s renewable power assets in a deal capacity of valued at about $200 million.
2. First solar, an American photovoltaic a manufacturer of solar panels, and also one of the first solar company to overseas in the Indian market and in terms of total shipment counts India as its second-largest market after the US.
3. Requesting anonymity, one of the two people cited above said that “IDFC Alternatives is interested in acquiring First Solar’s power generation assets.”
4. At Rewa in Madhya Pradesh, the previous law was Rs.2.97 per kWh (kilowatt hour) for a 750MW project.
· Solar panel refers to a panel designed to absorb the sun’s rays as a source of energy for generating electricity or heating.
EPFO members to get the loyalty-cum-life benefit of up to Rs 50,000:
1. The Employees’ Provident Fund Organization’s (EPFO) apex decision-making body, the Central Board of Trustees (CBT), has recommended a minimum sum assured of Rs 2.5 lakh in the event of the death of a subscriber.
2. All those members who retired at 58 or 60 years who have contributed to the scheme for 20 years will get the loyalty-cum-life benefit, according to the proposal.
3. Under the proposal scheme, all those members getting more than Rs 10,000 monthly wage will be eligible for Rs 50,000 loyalty-cum-life benefit.
4. With the implementation of the seeding application, a PF member or pensioner can now walk into any of the field offices of EPFO or CSC outlets with UAN and Aadhaar and seed them.
Science and Technology
A crown-like Great Cold Spot found on Jupiter
- A Great Cold Spot, which is thought to be caused by the effects of the magnetic field of the planet, has been observed Jupiter’s upper atmosphere.
- Up to 24,000 km in longitude and 12,000 km in latitude, this is observed by the great cold spot as the localised dark spot.
- Stallard said, “that suggest that it continually reforms itself, and as a result, it might be as old as the form it – perhaps many Thousands of years old.”
- Staller added that “what is surprising at Jupiter is that, unlike weather systems on Earth, the Great Cold Spot has been observed at the same place across 15 years. That makes it more comparable to weather systems in Jupiter’s lower atmosphere, like the Great Red Spot.”
· Formed – July 29, 1958; 58 years ago
· Headquarters – Washington, D.C.
First Image of Black Hole Pieced Together by Astronomers
1. On Wednesday the astronomers said that they may have snapped the first one to have a picture of a Black Hole.
2. AFP told that “This gave us a virtual telescope as big as Earth — about 10,000 kilometres (6,200 miles) is the diameter.”
3. For an image to develop it will take a month, but if the scientist succeed the result will help to peel mysteries about what the universe is made of and how it came into being.
4. Black holes also have a boundary, called an event horizon.
NASA probe helps measure brightness of universe
1. By using pictures taken by NASAs new horizon mission the scientist have measured the brightness of all the galaxies in the universe.
2. Zemco said that “the study is proof that this kind of measurement is possible from the outer solar system, and that LORRI is capable of doing it.”
3. Dark matter is the invisible substance thought to comprise 85 percent of the matter in the universe.
4. He said that “What they send is typically going to planets and the instruments onboard are designed to look at them, not to do astrophysics. Measurements could be designed to optimise this technique while LORRI is still functioning.
IPL 2017, RCB Vs MI, Preview: Virat Kohli to Make First Appearance for Bengaluru in Crucial Tie with Mumbai
1. Virat Kohli is a fit for action as board declared it, as now Virat Kohli is better to play Match for beleaguered Royal challenger Bangalore.
2. RCB loses two matches out of three this will ring the bell of RCB, and they will be very happy to see their captain back in action, after the layover of his shoulder injury.
3. Virat Kohli has scored a staggering 973 runs in 16 matches of last year IPL and was played a final last year against Sunrises Hyderabad.
· First tournament – 2008
· Administrator – IPL governing council, BCCI
· Format – twenty20
Sakshi Malik, Dipa Karmakar among sports stars conferred with Padma Shri awards:
1. On Thursday, the president Pranab Mukherjee at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi has displayed the Padma Shri awards, Gymnast Dipa Karmakar, Wrestler Sakshi Malik, Discus Thrower Vikas Gowda and Paralympian Mariyappan Thangavelu were among the sports stars to be considered with the honour. In this occasion, Prime Minister Narendra Modi was also present.
2. The Padma Awards granted to a citizen of India in recognition of their talent and hard work in various things such as the Arts, Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Service and Public Affairs.
3. Forward in the month of January, a list of 89 people was accepted by the President for some exceptional work in different type of fields.
4. With the win, Malik turned into the first lady wrestler in India to win an Olympic award and fourth Indian lady competitor to secure the pined coveted medal after Karnam Malleshwari, Mary Kom and Saina Nehwal
· Category – national
· First awarded – 1954
· Total awarded – 2913
Champions League: Cristiano Ronaldo proves he is still Real Madrid’s go-to man in crunch situations
1. Cristiano Ronaldo in the Champions League had followed by an eleven-hour goal drought but the arrival of major contest uplift the curse, or perhaps Ronaldo pushed it back away.
2. It was a turnaround few would have saw coming when Bayern Munich Led 1- 0 at halftime. But Ronaldo has believed in his ability, Ronaldo said that “I don’t know who doubted me. The people who love Cristiano never had any doubts. You’d have to tell me who doubted as it never reached me.”
3. Such is a bubble that Ronaldo has created for himself; it is unexpected that he surrounds himself with any disparager. He may not be able to blaze past his opponents with coruscating run anymore, but his talent for searching the back of a net means he is still among the best finishers in the game.
4. However, before that becomes a reality, Zidane will have to best the man with whom he had made his coaching encouragement. The Real Madrid manager showed that it is not a task beyond him, at night on Wednesday.
· A game in which kicking a ball with a foot to score a Goal called Football.
· Founded – 1895
· Headquarters of Football association – London, United Kingdom
Ex-Union minister and Badminton Association of India Chief Akhilesh Das Gupta dies at 56:
1. The former Union minister was the son of ex-Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Banarasi Das Gupta.
- On Wednesday in New Delhi, the president of Badminton Association of India and Congress leader Akhilesh Das Gupta has died, after suffering a Heart attack death.
- The PTI reported that On Wednesday morning after having a Heart attack, the 56-year-old former Union minister taken to the lahri hospital.
- BAI Media tweeted that “His efforts and able leadership shaped the game of badminton and will be etched in our hearts forever.”
- First played – 19th century
- Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.
IPL 2017: SRH shot themselves in the foot by dropping Moises Henrique against MI
- Only four Slots in eleven allowed for overseas players, in IPL, it is generally examined that the team offering a fair bit of flexibility in team combination when an overseas player is made the captain of the side.
- In 2017, with SRH selected Rashid Khan in the auction and him coming through in the opening games, meant that if they had to involve Mustafizur Rahman in the Playing 11, they had to pick between Moises Henrique and Ben cutting.
- Warner and Coach Tom Moody made a mistake by joining Mustafizurand Rashid in the side there by lengthening the tail that was already devoid of any striking strength.
Awards and Recognitions
Govt. appoints 2 more MDs at LIC- B Venugopal, Sunita Sharma:
- The government today appointed two more managing directors to the nation’s largest financial power house LIC—B Venugopal and Sunita Sharma, for a period of almost two years.
- The top management of LIC consists of the Chairman and four managing directors.
- On last December, after the VK Sharma was overhead as the chairman the post of an MD fall Vacant and other post was lying vacant since the February last year the superannuation of SB.
- On last Novembers, the interviews of these post were managed in two rounds. Venugopal is the senior most among the eight candidates who had come for the interview in the Second round of the Interview, while the Sharma is the juniormost of them.
- LIC founded – 19-june-1989
- Headquarters – Mumbai, India
- Founder – Life Insurance Corporation of India
Harbhajan Singh among Eight Ambassadors for ICC Champions Trophy:
1. Harbhajan Singh and former Pakistan captain Shahid Afridi are among eight cricketers named ambassadors for the ICC Champions Trophy that will be held in the UK from June 1-18.
2. The ICC has named eight Stars players of International crickets as the Champion Trophy that will be held in the UK from June 1-18, on Wednesday it was announced through a Media release.
3. Shahid Afridi of Pakistan, Bangladesh’s Habibul Bashar, Ian Bell of England, Shane Bond of New Zealand, Australia’s Mike Hussey, India’s Harbhajan Singh, Kumar Sangakkara of Sri Lanka and Graeme Smith of South Africa were honoured as ambassadors with exactly 50 days to go for the tournament opener between England and Bangladesh at The Oval in London.
4. The eight cricketer will elaborate in the ICC Champions Trophy tour and will also take part in the cricket for better coaching clinics, a programmed aimed at providing school children with a chance to play with a cricket legend.
· First played – the 18th century
· Headquarters – Atlanta, Georgia, United States